Title: Accretion and Ejection in AGN: a Global View
Volume: 427 Year: 2010 View Volume 427 on ADS
Editors: Maraschi, Laura; Ghisellini, Gabriele; Della Ceca, Roberto; Tavecchio, Fabrizio
Supermassive black holes are at the heart of the high-energy phenomena observed at the centers of galaxies. Accretion of matter onto these monsters fuels the activity, releasing astonishing amounts of radiation over the whole electromagnetic spectrum, while contributing to the continuous growth of the black hole mass. The infall of matter is accompanied by outflow processes including hot winds from the innermost regions of the accretion flow and powerful collimated jets emerging from the nucleus and transporting matter and energy to large distances at relativistic speeds, well beyond the galaxy's visible boundaries.

New observations at all wavelengths, made possible by continuous progress in astronomical instrumentation, provide new insight into inflow and outflow phenomena in the framework of a global picture of AGN activity. The FERMI satellite in particular has provided breakthrough gamma-ray observations that are crucial for the study of relativistic jets.

At the meeting the following topics were presented and discussed by more than one hundred participants: (1) the build-up of mass and spin of the central black hole in the course of galaxy evolution and merging; (2) new modeling and observations of outflows from AGN; (3) relativistic jets; (4) populations and evolution of radio sources, including numerical MHD modeling and radio/optical/X-ray observations; (4) new results in gamma- ray astronomy at GeV and TeV energies and their interpretations; and (5) AGN feedback and the issue of radio-loud/radio-quiet diversity.

These Proceedings contain 12 invited papers, 34 contributed papers, and 43 poster contributions. This Volume will be useful for readers interested in the link between AGN phenomena and extragalactic astronomy at large.
ISBN: 978-1-58381-734-6 eISBN: 978-1-58381-735-3
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Paper Title Page Authors
Front Matter   
Volume Cover Maraschi, Laura; Ghisellini, Gabriele; Della Ceca, Roberto; Tavecchio, Fabrizio
Front Matter 1 Maraschi, Laura; Ghisellini, Gabriele; Della Ceca, Roberto; Tavecchio, Fabrizio
Conference Photos 2 Maraschi, Laura; Ghisellini, Gabriele; Della Ceca, Roberto; Tavecchio, Fabrizio
Evolution of Massive Black Hole Spins 3 Volonteri, M.
A Synthetic View of AGN Evolution and Supermassive Black Holes Growth 11 Merloni, A.
A Path to Radio–Loudness through Gas–Poor Galaxy Mergers and the Role of Retrograde Accretion 19 Dotti, M.; Colpi, M.; Maraschi, L.; Perego, A.; Volonteri, M.
Radio-Loud and Radio-Quiet Quasars from the SDSS Database 27 Labita, M.; Decarli, R.; Treves, A.; Falomo, R.
Connection Between Jet Parameters and Black Hole Masses in Quasars 34 Hovatta, T.; Tammi, J.; Tornikoski, M.; Valtaoja, E.; Torrealba, J.; Chavushyan, V.; Arshakian, T. G.; Cruz-Gonzales, I.
Revisiting the “Fundamental Plane” of Black Hole Activity at Extremely Low Luminosities 36 Yuan, F.; Yu, Z.; Ho, L. C.
Part II. Accretion and Outflows   
Outflows from AGN: Their Impact on Spectra and the Environment 41 Proga, D.; Kurosawa, R.
Jet Emitting Discs: a New Accretion Flow Solution 49 Ferreira, J.; Petrucci, P. O.; Murphy, G.; Zanni, C.; Henri, G.
Radiation-Magnetohydrodynamic Simulations of Accretion Flow and Outflow around Black Hole 56 Ohsuga, K.
Accretion and Ejection in Cygnux X-1 62 Malzac, J.
Inflow of the Broad-Line Region and the Fundamental Limitations of Reverberation Mapping 68 Gaskell, C. M.
Revealing an Energetic Galaxy-Wide Outflow in a z ≈ 2 Ultraluminous Infrared Galaxy 74 Alexander, D. M.; Swinbank, A. M.; Smail, I.; McDermid, R.; Nesvadba, N. P. H.
Discovery of Strongly Blue Shifted Mid-infrared [Ne III ] and [Ne V] Emission in ULIRGs 80 Spoon, H. W. W.; Holt, J.
The Optical-to-X-ray Spectral Energy Distribution of Soft X-ray Selected AGN with Swift 86 Grupe, D.; Komossa, S.; Leighly, K. M.
PKS 0558-504: An Ideal Laboratory to Study the Accretion-Ejection Link 91 Gliozzi, M.; Papadakis, I. E.; Brinkmann, W. P.; Kedziora-Chudczer, L.; Grupe, D.
Searching for AGN Outflows: Spatially Resolved Chandra HETG Spectroscopy of the NLR Ionization Cone in NGC 1068 97 Evans, D. A.; Ogle, P. M.; Marshall, H. L.; Nowak, M. A.; Bianchi, S.; Guainazzi, M.; Longinotti, A. L.; Dewey, D.; Schulz, N. S.; Noble, M. S.; Houck, J.; Canizares, C. R.
Thermal Conduction in a Magnetized Hot Accretion Flows: A 2D Treatment in Viscouse-Resistive Regime 102 Abbassi, S.; Ghanbari, J.; Ghasemnezhad, M.
Where do Accretion Disks Around Black Holes End? 104 Asmus, D.; Duschl, W. J.
Warm Absorbers as MHD Accretion-Disk Winds for AGNs/Quasars 106 Fukumura, K.; Kazanas, D.; Contopoulos, I.; Behar, E.
Variable X-ray Absorption in Mini-BAL QSOs 108 Giustini, M.; Cappi, M.; Chartas, G.; Eracleous, M.; Palumbo, G. G. C.; Vignali, C.
Possible Outflow in the Broad Line Region of Active Galactic Nuclei 110 Ilić, D.; Popović, L. v. C.; Shapovalova, A. I.; León-Tavares, J.; Chavushyan, V. H.
Clumpy Accretion Flows in Active Galactic Nuclei 112 Ishibashi, W.; Courvoisier, T. J.
High Resolution X-ray Spectroscopy of NGC 3516 114 Mehdipour, M.; Branduardi-Raymont, G.; Page, M. J.
Dissecting AGN Spectral Energy Distributions: Obscuration and Host Contribution 116 Polletta, M.; Maraschi, L.; Chiappetti, L.; Trinchieri, G.; Giorgetti, M.; Molina, M.
Thermal Non-jet Flares in Active Galactic Nuclei 118 Tammi, J.; Hovatta, T.
A Search for Relativistic Outflows Signatures in the X-ray Spectra of Radio-Quiet AGNs 120 Tombesi, F.; Cappi, M.; Yaqoob, T.; Reeves, J.; Braito, V.; Palumbo, G. G. C.
Traces of Warm Absorption in the Broad Line Radio Galaxy 3C 382 122 Torresi, E.; Grandi, P.; Longinotti, A. L.; Guainazzi, M.; Tombesi, F.; Nucita, A.; Palumbo, G. G. C.
Part III. Jets   
Numerical Studies of Relativistic Jets 127 Narayan, R.; Tchekhovskoy, A.; McKinney, J.
A Magnetohydrodynamical Model for the Formation of Episodic Jets 135 Yuan, F.; Lin, J.; Wu, K.; Ho, L. C.
Clues on Blazars Phenomenology from the FIRST Flat Spectrum Sample 141 Fossati, G.; Meyer, E. T.
Optical Spectroscopy of 3CR Sources: Accretion and Jet Launching in Radio Galaxies 147 Buttiglione, S.; Capetti, A.
Three Decades of Very Long Baseline Interferometry Monitoring of the Parsec-Scale Jet in 3C 345 153 Schinzel, F. K.; Lobanov, A. P.; Zensus, J. A.
The X-ray View of Compact Radio Sources 159 Guainazzi, M.
The Disk-Jet Link in Broad-Line Radio Galaxies: The Suzaku View 165 Sambruna, R. M.; Ballo, L.; Reeves, J.; Braito, V.; Eracleous, M.
Accretion and Jet Powers in Virgo Radio Galaxies 171 Trussoni, E.; Capetti, A.; Vattakunnel, S.
A New Way to Measure How Much Light Has Been Produced Since the Universe was Born 177 Georganopoulos, M.; Sambruna, R. M.; Kazanas, D.; Davis, D. S.; Cillis, A. N.; Cheung, C. C.; Perlman, E. S.; Blundell, K. M.
High Faraday Rotation in VLBA AGN Cores: A Quest for Correlations Between Optical and Radio Polarizations 183 Algaba, J. C.; Gabuzda, D. C.; Smith, P. S.
The 1.6 Micron Near–Infrared Nuclei of 3C Radio Galaxies: Jets, Thermal Emission, or Scattered Light? 185 Baldi, R. D.; Chiaberge, M.; Capetti, A.
HX-POL – A Balloon-Borne Hard X-Ray Polarimeter 187 Beilicke, M.; Baring, M. G.; De Geronimo, G.; Dowkontt, P.; Garson III, A.; Grindlay, J.; Harding, A.; Hong, J.; Krawczynski, H.; Kurfess, J.; Li, Q.; Martin, J.; Novikova, E. I.; Wulf, E. A.
Monitoring the High-z Flat Spectrum Radio Quasar PKS 2149-306: Recent Observations with INTEGRAL and Swift 189 Bianchin, V.; Foschini, L.; Grandi, P.; Malaguti, G.; Ghisellini, G.; Tavecchio, F.; Tagliaferri, G.; Gliozzi, M.; Maraschi, L.; Pian, E.; Sambruna, R. M.; Treves, A.; Wolter, A.; Di Cocco, G.
A Closer Look at the Flaring Feature in the M 87 Jet 191 Chang, C. S.; Ros, E.; Kovalev, Y. Y.; Lister, M. L.
X-ray Overview of Blazars Observed by INTEGRAL 193 Gianní, S.; De Rosa, A.; Bazzano, A.; Ubertini, P.; Bassani, L.
Radio to X-ray Study of a Sample of 3CRR Sources: Jet Kinetic and Accretion Power 195 Grandi, P.; Bianchin, V.; Cavazzuti, E.; Maraschi, L.
The Survey of Extragalactic Nuclear Spectral Energies 197 Gupta, J. A.; Browne, I. W. A.; Pazderska, B. M.
Two Years of Monitoring of Blazars with the OVRO 40 m Telescope at 15 GHz in Support of Fermi-GST 199 Max-Moerbeck, W.; Pavlidou, V.; Pearson, T. J.; Readhead, A. C. S.; Richards, J.; Stevenson, M.; Healey, S. E.; Romani, R. W.; Shaw, M. S.; Zensus, J. A.; Fuhrmann, L.; Angelakis, E.; Grainge, K.; Taylor, G. B.
The CSS Quasar 3C 186: Exploring the X-ray Emission 201 Migliori, G.; Siemiginowska, A.; Celotti, A.
Stability of Magnetized Relativistic Jets 203 Mizuno, Y.; Hardee, P. E.; Lyubarsky, Y.; Nishikawa, K.-I.
Polarization of Synchrotron Emission from Relativistic Reconfinement Shocks 205 Nalewajko, K.; Sikora, M.
Magnetic Field Strength in Parsec-Scale Blazar Jets 207 O’ Sullivan, S. P.; Gabuzda, D. C.
Multifrequency Observations of BL Lacertae: The Quest for Accretion Disc Signatures 209 Raiteri, C. M.; Villata, M.; Capetti, A.; WEBT Collaboration
Spine+Sheath AGN with Helical B-Field Structure? 211 Reichstein, A.; Gabuzda, D.
ESO VLT Optical Spectroscopy of BL Lac Objects IV 213 Sbarufatti, B.; Treves, A.; Decarli, R.; Veronesi, A.; Kotilainen, J. K.; Ciprini, S.; Falomo, R.; Romano, P.
Signature of Stochastic Acceleration and Jet Energetics in the X-ray Spectrum of Mrk 421 215 Tramacere, A.; Giommi, P.; Perri, M.; Verrecchia, F.; Tosti, G.
Part IV. News from the Gamma-Ray Sky   
Fermi LAT Observations of AGNs 219 Tosti, G. of the Fermi LAT collaboration
AGN Observations with VERITAS 227 Beilicke, M., VERITAS collaboration
MAGIC Observations of AGNs: Scientific Highlights 235 Mazin, D. for the MAGIC collaboration
Fermi/LAT Discovery of Gamma-Ray Emission from a Relativistic Jet in the Narrow-Line Seyfert 1 Quasar PMN J0948+0022 243 Foschini, L., Fermi/LAT collaboration; Ghisellini, G.; Maraschi, L.; Tavecchio, F.; Angelakis, E.
The Blazar’s Divide and the Properties of Fermi Blazars 249 Ghisellini, G.
Long-Term γ-ray and Multi Wavelength Observations of 3C 454.3 (a.k.a. the Crazy Diamond) 257 Vercellone, S., AGILE Team
Variability in the Blazar 3C 454.3 265 Bonning, E. W.; Bailyn, C.; Urry, C. M.; Buxton, M.; Fossati, G.; Maraschi, L.; Coppi, P.; Isler, J.
Not Only Once: The Amazing γ-ray Activity of the Blazar PKS 1510–089 271 D’Ammando, F.; Raiteri, C. M.; Villata, M.; Romano, P.; Covino, S.; Krimm, H.; Tavani, M.
Study of the Classical TeV Blazars with Fermi 277 Paneque, D.; Fermi Large Area Telescope Collaboration
Radio Emission from Fermi AGNs and Its Relation to the Gamma-Ray Properties 283 Giroletti, M.; Reimer, A.; Fuhrmann, L.; Pavlidou, V.
AGN Astrophysics via Multi-Frequency Monitoring of γ-ray Blazars in the Fermi-GST Era 289 Angelakis, E.; Angelakis, E.; Fuhrmann, L.; Zensus, J. A.; Nestoras, I.; Marchili, N.; Krichbaum, T. P.; Ungerechts, H.; Max-Moerbeck, W.; Pavlidou, V.; Pearson, T. J.; Readhead, A. C. S.; Richards, J. L.; Stevenson, M. A.
Spectroscopic Monitoring of the Blazar 3C 454.3 291 Benítez, E.; Chavushyan, V. H.; Raiteri, C. M.; Villata, M.; Dultzin, D.; Martínez, O.; Pérez-Camargo, B.; Torrealba, J.
Gamma-ray Blazar Variability Observed by Fermi LAT 293 Ciprini, S.; Cutini, S.; Foschini, L.; Larsson, S.; Lott, B.
The June 2008 Flare of Markarian 421 from Optical to TeV Energies 295 Donnarumma, I.; Vercellone, S.; Grube, J.; Raiteri, C. M.; Villata, M.; Wagner, R. M; VERITAS collaboration; GASP-WEBT team; MAGIC collaboration
Multiwavelength Observations of Intermediate-Frequency-Peaked BL Lac Objects Detected by VERITAS 298 Furniss, A. of the VERITAS Collaboration
AGILE Detection of Three Extragalactic Sources 300 Pacciani, L. on behalf of the AGILE team
Discovery of VHE γ-rays from Centaurus A 302 Raue, M.; Lenain, J.-P.; Aharonian, F. A.; Becherini, Y.; Boisson, C.; Clapson, A.-C.; Costamante, L.; Gérard, L.; Medina, C.; de Naurois, M.; Punch, M.; Rieger, F.; So, H.; Stawarz, L.; Zech, A. for the H.E.S.S. Collaboration
Swift Observations of γ–ray Quiet Blazars 304 Romano, P.; Vercellone, S.; Sbarufatti, B.; La Parola, V.
On the Intrinsic Jet Properties of Fermi-detected Blazars 306 Savolainen, T.; Homan, D. C.; Hovatta, T.; Kadler, M.; Kovalev, Y. Y.; Lister, M. L.; Ros, E.; Zensus, J. A.
The GLAST-AGILE Support Program of the Whole Earth Blazar Telescope 308 Villata, M.
On the Shape of Intrinsic Gamma-Ray Spectra of Distant Blazars 310 Zacharopoulou, O.; Khangulyan, D.; Aharonian, F.
Part V. Feedback from AGN   
Winds and Outflows from Supermassive Black Holes 315 King, A. R.
Intermittent Activity of Jets in AGN 326 Siemiginowska, A.; Czerny, B.; Janiuk, A.; Stawarz, L.; Guainazzi, M.; Celotti, A.; Migliori, G.; Tengstrand, O.
Do AGN Suppress Star Formation in Early-Type Galaxies? 334 Schawinski, K.
Birth and Evolution of Radio Galaxies 337 Kapińska, A. D.; Uttley, P.; Kaiser, C. R.
Feeding the AGN with Backflows 343 Antonuccio-Delogu, V.; Silk, J.
AGNs and Environment: AGN Population and Deficiency of BLAGNs in Compact Groups of Galaxies 349 del Olmo, A.; Martí nez, M. A.; Perea, J.; Coziol, R.; Focardi, P.
A Possibile Dichotomy Between PC Scale Jets of Brightest Cluster Galaxies in Cool Core and Non-Cool Core Clusters 351 Liuzzo, E.; Giovannini, G.; Giroletti, M.
MRC 1925-296: a new WAT in a Poor Cluster 353 Oozeer, N.; Somanah, R.
Part VI. The Radio-Loud/Radio-Quiet Dichotomy   
Radio–Quiet Versus Radio–Loud AGN: What Makes the Difference? 357 Stawarz, L.
A Dichotomy in Radio Jet Orientations in Elliptical Galaxies 365 Browne, I. W. A.; Battye, R. A.
Optical/UV/X-ray Insights into the RL–RQ Dichotomy 371 Sulentic, J.; Zamfir, S.; Marziani, P.
The Radio and X-ray Coupling in Radio–Quiet AGN 377 Panessa, F.; Giroletti, M.
High Spatial Resolution Spectral-Energy-Distributions of Radio-Quiet vs Radio-Loud AGN: Some Similarities 383 Prieto, M. A.
The XBS Sample of Type 1 AGNs: Radio Loudness vs. Physical Parameters 389 Caccianiga, A.; Severgnini, P.; Della Ceca, R.; Corral, A.
Radio and X-ray Emission from Low-Luminosity AGNs: Testing 391 Singh, V.; Shastri, P.; Risaliti, G.; Athreya, R.
Back Matter   
Author Index 393 Maraschi, Laura; Ghisellini, Gabriele; Della Ceca, Roberto; Tavecchio, Fabrizio
Back Matter 397 Maraschi, Laura; Ghisellini, Gabriele; Della Ceca, Roberto; Tavecchio, Fabrizio