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Paper: Revisiting the “Fundamental Plane” of Black Hole Activity at Extremely Low Luminosities
Volume: 427, Accretion and Ejection in AGN: a Global View
Page: 36
Authors: Yuan, F.; Yu, Z.; Ho, L. C.
Abstract: We investigate the origin of the X-ray emission in low-luminosity AGNs (LLAGNs). Yuan & Cui (2005) predicted that the X-ray emission should originate from jets rather than from an advection-dominated accretion flow (ADAF) when the X-ray luminosity LX of the source is below a critical value of LX,crit ≈ 10–6 LEdd. This prediction implies that the X-ray spectrum in such sources should be fitted by jets rather than ADAFs. Furthermore, below LX,crit the correlation between radio (LR) and X-ray (LX) luminosities and the black hole mass (M)—the so-called fundamental plane of black hole activity—should deviate from the general correlation obtained by Merloni, Heinz & Di Matteo (2003) and become steeper. The Merloni et al. correlation is described by logLR = 0.6logLX + 0.78logM + 7.33, while the predicted correlation is logLR = 1.23logLX + 0.25logM – 13.45. We collect data from the literature to check the validity of these two expectations. We find that among the 16 LLAGNs with good X-ray and radio spectra, 13 are consistent with the Yuan & Cui prediction. For the 22 LLAGNs with LX < LX,crit, the fundamental plane correlation is described by logLR = 1.22logLX + 0.23logM – 12.46, also in excellent agreement with the prediction.
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