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Paper: Inflow of the Broad-Line Region and the Fundamental Limitations of Reverberation Mapping
Volume: 427, Accretion and Ejection in AGN: a Global View
Page: 68
Authors: Gaskell, C. M.
Abstract: The evidence from velocity-resolved reverberation mapping showing a net infall of the broad-line region (BLR) of AGNs is reviewed. Different lines in many objects at different epochs give a consistent picture of BLR motions. The motions are dominated by virialized motion (rotation plus turbulence) with significant net inflow. The BLR mass influx is sufficient to power the AGN. The increasing blueshifting of lines with increasing ionization potential is a consequence of scattering off infalling material. The high blueshiftings of the UV lines in Narrow-Line Seyfert 1s are due to enhanced BLR inflow rates rather than strong winds. Seemingly conflicting cases of apparent outflow reverberation mapping signatures are a result of the breakdown of the axial-symmetry assumption in reverberation mapping. There are several plausible causes of this breakdown: high-energy variability tends to be intrinsically anisotropic, regions of variability are necessarily located off-axis, and X-ray observations reveal major changes in line-of-sight column densities close to the black hole. Results from reverberation mapping campaigns dominated by a single event need to be treated with caution.
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