Title: Astronomical Heritage of the Middle East
Volume: 520 Year: 2019 View this Volume on ADS
Editors: Sona V. Farmanyan, Areg M. Mickaelian, J. McKim Malville, and Mohammad Bagheri
Astronomical Heritage of the Middle East, Proceedings of an International Conference held at the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia, Yerevan, Armenia, 13-17 November 2017.
This volume presents the proceedings of an international conference devoted to the role of astronomy in culture and other fields of human activity and development. In the modern era, astronomy plays a leading role in the formation and development of inter- and multi-disciplinary sciences. Astronomy has reached high level of development, and recently new disciplines have been created, such as Astrochemistry, Astrobiology, Astroinformatics, and Astrolinguistics. Archaeoastronomy plays an important role in culture and in the heritage of nations; chronologies and calendars were created on the basis of astronomical knowledge. Cultural Astronomy also plays an important role in the development of scientific tourism and scientific journalism. The conference was aimed at the development of astronomy-related interdisciplinary sciences and building collaborations in the countries of the European and Asian regions. This volume contains the best current knowledge in various areas of astronomy and culture by experts from different professions.
ISBN: 978-1-58381-927-2 eISBN: 978-1-58381-928-9
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Paper Title Page Authors
Front Matter   
Volume Cover
Front Matter 1
Conference Photos 2
Part I. Introduction   
Armenian Archaeoastronomy and Astronomy in Culture 3 Mickaelian, A. M.; Farmanyan, S. V.
Part II. Ancient Astronomy   
Environmental and Societal Determinants of Ancient Astronomies 17 Malville, J. M.
Astronomical Heritage of Iran 27 Gheydari, S. N.
Astronomers and Observatories in Egypt During the Period 969–1914 AD 33 Hady, A. A.
Jewish Chronology and Astronomy 45 Cohen, A.
Ancient Astronomical Knowledge: the Unity of Diversity 59 Simonia, I.
History of Astronomy: Per Aspera Ad Astra 71 Yeghiazaryan, A. A.
When Ibn Si̅na̅ Saw Venus on the Disc of the Sun 75 Kapoor, R.
Comet Observations in Arab Heritage Books: Did the Arabs Discover the Periodicity of Comets Before Edmund Halley? 83 Konsul, E. K.
The Expedition of M. R. Štefánik to Observe the Total Solar Eclipse in 1907 from Turkestan 89 Hyklová, P.
Part III. Astronomical Heritage for the Future   
Development of Astronomy in Turkey 95 Aliş, S.
Digitized First Byurakan Survey (DFBS) as UNESCO “Memory of the World” Documentary Heritage 105 Mickaelian, A. M.; Sargsyan, L. A.; Mikayelyan, G. A.; Erastova, L. K.; Gigoyan, K. S.; Sinamyan, P. K.; Hovhannisyan, L. R.
BAO Plate Archive Heritage 117 Mickaelian, A. M.; Erastova, L. K.; Gyulzadyan, M. V.; Ohanian, G. B.; Gigoyan, K. S.; Mikayelyan, G. A.; Sinamyan, P. K.; Paronyan, G. M.
Digital Projection of Ancient Astronomical Heritage 127 Simonia, T.; Simonia, I.
Part IV. Astronomical Heritage for Science   
The Astronomical Orientations of Sacred Buildings in the Levant During the Bronze and Iron Ages 135 Polcaro, A.; Polcaro, V. F.
A Pluralistic Vein in the Early Eighteenth Century in Europe\footnotemark 151 Capaccioli, M.
Clarification of Unknown Phenomena Using Historical Star Catalogs and Charts 163 Fujiwara, T.; Hirai, M.
The Scientific Method: An Approach of Developing Cosmology 171 Kahil, M. E.; Hady, A. A.
Part V. Astronomical Heritage in Literature and Culture   
The Starmus Festival – Our Primary Goal: Science Communication 181 Israelian, G.
Kushyar ibn Labban's Scientific Legacy 185 Bagheri, M.
Some Astronomical-Cosmic Realities in the Armenian Epic “Sasna Tzrer” 191 Broutian, G.
Sunrise as Precondition for the Orientation of Grave-Tombs in Ancient Armenia 199 Simonyan, H. Y.
The First Cosmological Works (Rasāʾil al-Hayʾa) in the Islamic Period: a Comparison between al-Farghānī's Jawāmiʿ ʿIlm al-Nujūm and the 3rd Book of Kūshyār's al-Zīj al-Jāmiʿ 209 Ghalandari, H.
Transylvanian Astronomical Observatories in the 18th Century 213 Szenkovits, F.
Vsevolod Viktorovich Stratonov (1869–1938): an Astronomer Driven by Fate from the Middle East to Prague 221 Šolc, M.; Hyklová, P.
Heavenly Bodies and Phenomena as a Basis for Poetical Images in the Works of Missak Metsarents 229 Arakelyan, K.
Part VI. Astronomical Heritage in “Language”   
Armenian Names in the Universe 235 Mickaelian, A. M.; Farmanyan, S. V.
Part VII. Astronomical Heritage for Outreach and Tourism   
Astronomical Heritage as a Separate Direction in Scientific Tourism 249 Tashchyan, D.
Astronomical Tourism Sites in Armenia 253 Farmanyan, S. V.; Mickaelian, A. M.
Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory as a Tourism Center 259 Farmanyan, S. V.; Harutyunyan, V. L.; Mikayelyan, G. A.; Mickaelian, A. M.
Part VIII. Astronomical Heritage for Development   
IAU Regional Office of Astronomy for Development: Coordination in Southwest and Central Asia 267 Mickaelian, A. M.; Farmanyan, S. V.; Mikayelyan, G. A.
Astronomy Development in Perú Through Two Generations: the Good and the Bad 279 Ishitsuka, J. K.; Ishitsuka, M.
Under the Kyrgyz Sky: from Astronomy to Development 285 Gradzka, E.
Armenian Astronomical Society (ArAS) Current Activities 295 Mickaelian, A. M.; Farmanyan, S. V.; Mikayelyan, G. A.
Back Matter   
Back Matter 305