Title: Multi-Object Spectroscopy in the Next Decade: Big Questions, Large Surveys, and Wide Fields
Volume: 507 Year: 2016 View this Volume on ADS
Editors: Skillen, I.; Balcells, M.; Trager, S. C.

Teatro Circo de Marte, Santa Cruz de La Palma Canary Islands, Spain 2–6 March 2015

Large-scale spectroscopic surveys are essential to resolve some of the most profound questions confronting astronomers: How can the fossil record reveal the assembly history of the Milky Way? How do galaxies form and evolve? What is the nature and distribution of dark matter? Why is the expansion of the universe accelerating?

Several ambitious multi-object spectrographs are in rapid development around the world, and in March 2015 the Isaac Newton Group invited the international community to a conference held in La Palma, Canary Islands, to bring together scientists who have played vital roles in developing and exploiting past generations of survey spectrographs and those planning the next-generation instruments and surveys. The aim was to encourage the exchange of experience and expertise, and to develop coherent strategies among the large survey teams.

The conference attracted 149 delegates from 21 countries, and topics presented covered Galactic structure and archaeology, stellar evolution, galaxy evolution, cosmology, and new, state-of-the-art instruments. It concluded with a fruitful discussion on the challenges of developing, operating, and exploiting these new instruments and their surveys, and the opportunities enabled by anticipated advances in technology.

The papers in this volume provide an overview of the role and future directions of spectroscopic-survey science. As a record of the insights and aspirations of recognized world leaders in the field, it will be a valuable reference to multi-object spectroscopy for a considerable time to come. It will be of interest to students, astronomers, instrument builders, and funding agencies, as new instruments and surveys are conceived in the coming years.
ISBN: 978-1-58381-898-5 eISBN: 978-1-58381-899-2
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Paper Title Page Authors
Book Cover
Front Matter   
Front Matter 1 Skillen, I.; Balcells, M.; Trager, S. C.
Conference Photos 2 Skillen, I.; Balcells, M.; Trager, S. C.
Part I. Introduction   
Planning the Next Decade of Multi-Object Spectroscopy 3 Balcells, M.
Part II. Galactic Structure and Archaeology   
Galactic Archaeology: Current Surveys and Instrumentation 13 Wyse, R. F. G.
Geometrical Structures of Chemically Decomposed Thick and Thin Disk Populations 27 Kawata, D.; Brook, C. B.; Rahimi, A.; Gibson, B. K.
Galactic Archaeology Highlights from RAVE 35 Kordopatis, G.; RAVE collaboration
The Gaia Mission: Current Status and Spectroscopic Capabilities 43 Jordi, C.; Gaia-Barcelona Team; Data Processing and Analysis Consortium; Gaia Science Team
The GALAH Survey and Galactic Archaeology in the Next Decade 51 Martell, S. L.
The Relative Ages and Fractions of the Accreted and In Situ Populations in the Galactic Halo 59 Hawkins, K.; Jofré, P.; Masseron, T.
The Analysis of the Moments of the Velocity Distribution in the Gaia Sphere 65 Romero-Gomez, M.; Figueras, F.; Antoja, T.; Roca-Fabrega, S.; Abedi, H.; Aguilar, L.
Wrapping Together Galactic Archaeology and Interstellar Medium Studies in Large Spectroscopic Surveys 69 Kos, J.
Exploring the Obscured Milky Way with Multi-Object Spectroscopy 75 Negueruela, I.; Clark, J. S.; Dorda, R.; González-Fernández, C.; Marco, A.; Monguió, M.
Galactic Archaeology and Minimum Spanning Trees 79 MacFarlane, B. A.; Gibson, B. K.; Flynn, C. M. L.
Galactic Archeology – Requirements on Survey Spectrographs 85 Feltzing, S.
WEAVE: The Next Generation Spectroscopy Facility for the WHT 97 Dalton, G.
MEGARA, the Next Generation Optical MOS and IFU for GTC 103 Gil de Paz, A.; Gallego, J.; Carrasco, E.; Iglesias, J.; Sánchez, F.; Vílchez, J.; García Vargas, M.; Andrés, P.; Arrillaga, X.; Avilés, J.; Bonache, J.; Carrera, M.; Castillo, A.; Castillo, E.; Cedazo, R.; Dormido, J.; Eliche Moral, C.; Esteban, S.; Ferrusca, D.; González, E.; Lefort, B.; López, J.; Maldonado, M.; Marino, R.; Martínez, I.; Morales, I.; Mujica, E.; Páez, G.; Pascual, S.; Pérez, A.; Sánchez, A.; Sánchez, E.; Tolloch, S.; Velázquez, M.; Zamorano, J.; Aguerri, A.; Barrado, D.; Bertone, E.; Cardiel, N.; Cava, A.; Cenarro, A.; Chávez, M.; García, M.; González Delgado, R.; Guichard, J.; Guzmán, R.; Herrero, A.; Huélamo, N.; Hughes, D.; Jiménez, J.; Kehrig, C.; Márquez, I.; Masegosa, J.; Mayya, D.; Méndez Abreu, J.; Mollá, M.; Muñoz Tuñón, C.; Peimbert, M.; Pérez González, P.; Pérez Montero, E.; Rodríguez, M.; Rodríguez Espinosa, J.M.; Rodríguez, L.; Rosa, D.; Sánchez Almeida, J.; Sánchez Contreras, C.; Sánchez Blázquez, P.; Sánchez, S.F.; Sarajedini, A.; Silich, S.; Simón Díaz, S.; Tenorio Tagle, G.; Terlevich, E.; Terlevich, R.; Torres-Peimbert, S.; Trujillo, I.; Tsamis, Y.; Vega, O.; Villar, V.
MOONS: A New Powerful Multi-Object Spectrograph for the VLT 109 Cirasuolo, M.; MOONS Consortium
Verification of Commercial Motor Performance for WEAVE at the William Herschel Telescope 117 Gilbert, J.; Dalton, G.; Lewis, I.
Towards an Integrated Model of the WEAVE Performance 121 Ham, S. J.; Dalton, G.
WAS: Textures of the WEAVE Science Archive 125 Molinari, E.; Guerra, J.; Lodi, M.; Benn, C.; Domínguez, L.
A WEAVE Radial Velocity Survey to Unravel the Nature of the Milky Way's Spiral Arms 129 Monguió, M.; Figueras, F.; Grosbøl, P.
Part III. Star Formation and Evolution   
Massive Stars: Some Open Questions and the Role of Multi-Object Spectroscopy 135 Herrero, A.
Formation and Evolution of Massive Stars: Current Surveys 147 de Koter, A.
Stellar Archaeology with Gaia: The Galactic White Dwarf Population 159 Gänsicke, B.; Tremblay, P.; Barstow, M.; Bono, G.; Burleigh, M.; Casewell, S.; Dhillon, V.; Farihi, J.; Garcia-Berro, E.; Geier, S.; Gentile-Fusillo, N.; Hermes, J.; Hollands, M.; Istrate, A.; Jordan, S.; Knigge, C.; Manser, C.; Marsh, T.; Nelemans, G.; Pala, A.; Raddi, R.; Tauris, T.; Toloza, O.; Veras, D.; Werner, K.; Wilson, D.
Surveying Massive Star Formation in the Inner Galaxy 165 Dorda, R.; Negueruela, I.; González-Fernández, C.; Marco, A.
The Open Cluster Chemical Abundances from Spanish Observatories Survey (OCCASO) 171 Carrera, R.; Casamiquela, L.; Balaguer-Núñez, L.; Jordi, C.; Pancino, E.; Allende-Prieto, C.; Blanco-Cuaresma, S.; Martínez-Vázquez, C. E.; Murabito, S.; del Pino, A.; Aparicio, A.; Gallart, C.; Recio-Blanco, A.
A New Survey for Red Supergiants in the Magellanic Clouds 175 González-Fernández, C.; Negueruela, I.; Dorda, R.
MOS Mapping of the NIR Outflow HH 223 181 López, R.; Acosta-Pulido, J.A.; Estalella, R.; Gómez, G.; García-Lorenzo, B.
Multi-Object Spectroscopy with OSIRIS at the 10.4 m GTC 185 Cabrera-Lavers, A.
OSIRIS Multi-Object Spectroscopy: Mask Design Process 191 Gómez-Velarde, G.; García-Alvarez, D.; Cabrerra-Lavers, A.
The Gaia-ESO Survey: CNO Abundances in Open Clusters of our Galaxy\thanks 197 Drazdauskas, A.; Tautvaišienė, G.; Mikolaitis, Š.; Barisevičius, G.; Puzeras, E.; Stonkutė, E.; Chorniy, Y.; GES collaborators
Interstellar Medium, Young Stars, and Astrometric Binaries in Galactic Archaeology Spectroscopic Surveys 201 Zwitter, T.; Kos, J.; Žerjal, M.; Traven, G.
Star Formation and Stellar Evolution: Future Surveys and Instrumentation 209 Evans, C. J.
Part IV. Galaxy Evolution   
Transformations in our Understanding of Galaxy Evolution 217 Bershady, M. A.
Evolution in the Stellar Mass Function and Clustering of Galaxies 231 Loveday, J.; Farrow, D.; GAMA team
Building Up a Cluster: The Case of A520 237 Deshev, B.; Park, C.; Hwang, H. S.; Ziegler, B.; Verdugo, M.; Kamphuis, P.; Finoguenov, A.; Tenjes, P.; Tamm, A.
Stellar Kinematics and Metallicities in the Draco and Ursa Minor Dwarf Spheroidal Galaxies from WHT/AF2-WYFFOS 241 Jin, S.; Irwin, M.; Tolstoy, E.; Lewis, J.; Hartke, J.
The Origin of Dwarf Galaxies in Clusters: The Faint-End Slope of Abell 85 Galaxy Luminosity Function 247 Agulli, I.; Aguerri, J. A. L.; Barrena, R.; Diaferio, A.; Sánchez-Janssen, R.
The CALIFA Survey Across the Hubble Sequence: How Galaxies Grow their Bulges and Disks 251 Gonzáez-Delgado, R. M.; García-Benito, R.; Pérez, E.; Cid Fernandes, R.; de Amorim, A. L.; Cortijo-Ferrero, C.; Lacerda, E. A. D.; López-Fernández, R.; Vale-Asari, R. L.; Sánchez, S.; CALIFA collaboration
MaNGA: Mapping Nearby Galaxies at Apache Point Observatory 257 Weijmans, A.-M.; MaNGA team
BaLROG: The Influence of Bars on the Dynamical Structure in Nearby Galaxies 265 Seidel, M. K.; Falcón-Barroso, J.; Martínez-Valpuesta, I.; Díaz-García, S.; Laurikainen, E.; Salo, H.; Knapen, J. H.
Galaxy And Mass Assembly (GAMA): A Study of Energy, Mass, and Structure (1 kpc-1 Mpc) at z<0.3 269 Driver, S. P.; GAMA team
Automatic Spectral Classification of Galaxies in the Infrared 277 Navarro, S. G.; Guzmán, V.; Dafonte, C.; Kemp, S. N.; Corral, L. J.
The KMOS GTO Cluster Program: Absorption Line Spectroscopy of Cluster Galaxies at z∼1.5 281 Houghton, R. C. W.; Davies, R. L.; Bender, R.; Beifiori, A.; Chan, J.; Cappellari, M.; Galametz, A.; Lewis, I.; Mendel, J. T.; Prichard, L.; Saglia, R. P.; Sharples, R.; Smith, R.; Stott, J.; Wilman, D.; Wegner, M.
The Trace of the Assembly of Massive E–S0 Galaxies at 0.8<z<1.5 in Galaxy Number Counts 287 Prieto, M.; Eliche-Moral, M. C.
Hector – Next Generation Multi-Object IFU for the Anglo-Australian Telescope 291 Bryant, J. J.; Bland-Hawthorn, J.
EMIR, the NIR MOS and Imager for the GTC 297 Garzón, F.; EMIR team
Uncovering the Early Stages of Galaxy Evolution: Multi-Object Spectrometry with JWST/NIRSpec 305 Giardino, G.; de Oliveira, C. A.; Arribas, S.; Beck, T. L.; Birkmann, S. M.; Boeker, T.; Bunker, A. J.; Charlot, S.; Chevallard, J.; De Marchi, G.; Ferruit, P.; Franx, M.; Maiolino, R.; Moseley, S. H.; Rauscher, B. J.; Rix, H.-W.; Sirianni, M.; Willott, C. J.
Observing Resolved Stellar Populations with the JWST Near-Infrared Spectrograph 311 Gilbert, K. M.; Beck, T. L.; Karakla, D. M.
A Tool for Planning Optimal MOS Observations with the JWST Near-Infrared Spectrometer 315 Karakla, D.; Pontoppidan, K.; Beck, T.; Gilbert, K.; Curtis, G.
JWST/NIRSpec Multi-Object Spectroscopy: Calibration and Data Products 319 Muzerolle, J.
Multi-Object Spectroscopy with MUSE 323 Kelz, A.; Kamann, S.; Urrutia, T.; Weilbacher, P.; Bacon, R.
BATMAN: MOS Spectroscopy on Demand 329 Molinari, E.; Zamkotsian, F.; Moschetti, M.; Spano, P.; Boschin, W.; Cosentino, R.; Ghedina, A.; González, M.; Pérez, H.; Lanzoni, P.; Ramarijaona, H.; Riva, M.; Zerbi, F.; Nicastro, L.; Valenziano, L.; Di Marcantonio, P.; Coretti, I.; Cirami, R.
Part V. Cosmology   
The Latest Clustering Results from BOSS 337 Tojeiro, R.; BOSS collaboration; eBOSS collaboration
VIPERS: Unveiling the Combined Evolution of Galaxies and Large Scale Structure at 0.5≤z ≤1.2 345 Iovino, A.; VIPERS Team
Revisiting the Impact of Atmospheric Dispersion and Differential Refraction on MOS Observations: The Case of VLT/VIMOS 351 Sánchez-Janssen, R.; Mieske, S.; Selman, F.; VIMOS Instrument Operations Team
The Subaru FMOS Galaxy Redshift Survey (FastSound): The Mass-Metallicity Relation and the Fundamental Metallicity Relation at z∼1.4 355 Yabe, K.; Ohta, K.; Akiyama, M.; Tamura, N.; Iwamuro, F.; Totani, T.; Dalton, G.; Bunker, A.; FastSound team
An Overview of the MOS Capabilities of the 4-10 m Telescopes at La Palma Observatory for Investigating Galaxy Clusters 361 Barrena, R.; Rubiño-Martín, J. A.; Streblyanska, A.; Ferragamo, A.
SDSS-RM: A Multi-Object AGN Reverberation Mapping Project 367 Shen, Y.; SDSS-RM collaboration
MOS: A Critical Tool for Current and Future Radio Surveys 373 Smith, D. J.B.
J-PAS: The Javalambre Physics of the Accelerated Universe Astrophysical Survey 381 Cepa, J.; Benítez, N.; Dupke, R.; Moles, M.; Sodré, L.; Cenarro, A. J.; Marín- Franch, A.; Taylor, K.; Cristóbal, D.; Fernández-Soto, A.; Mendes de Oliveira, C.; Abramo, L. R.; Alcaniz, J. S.; Overzier, R.; Hernández- Monteagudo, A.; Alfaro, E. J.; Kanaan, A.; Carvano, M.; Reis, R. R. R.; J-PAS Team
Prime Focus Spectrograph (PFS): A Very Wide-Field, Massively Multi-Object, Optical and Near-Infrared Fiber-Fed Spectrograph on the Subaru Telescope 387 Tamura, N.; PFS collaboration
HETDEX and VIRUS: Panoramic Integral Field Spectroscopy with 35k Fibers 393 Hill, G. J.; HETDEX Consortium
Euclid – an ESA Medium Class Mission 401 Joachimi, B.
Part VI. Future Perspectives and Discussion   
Advanced Algorithms and Statistics for MOS Surveys 411 Bolton, A. S.
The Maunakea Spectroscopic Explorer: Science and Status 419 Hopkins, A.; McConnachie, A.; MSE team
MOSAIC: A Multi-Object Spectrograph for the E-ELT 425 Kelz, A.; Hammer, F.; Jagourel, P.; MOSAIC consortium
Gaia and WEAVE/WxES: Supporting the PLATO Exoplanet Hunter 429 Walton, N. A.
Beyond MOS and Fibers: Wide-FoV Imaging Fourier Transform Spectroscopy – an Instrumentation Proposal for the Present and Future Mexican Telescopes 435 Rosales-Ortega, F. F.; Castillo, E.; Sánchez, S. F.; Iglesias-Páramo, J.; Mollá, J. I. M.; Chávez, M.
DAG Telescope: A New Potential for MOS Observations 439 Alis, S.; Yesilyaprak, C.; Yerli, S. K.
Conference Discussion: The Challenges in Multi-Object Spectroscopy Instrument and Survey Design, and in Data Processing and Analysis 443 Balcells, M.; Skillen, I.
Part VII. Conference Summary   
Multi-Object Spectroscopy in the Next Decade: A Conference Summary 465 Trager, S. C.
Back Matter   
Author Index 473 Skillen, I.; Balcells, M.; Trager, S. C.
Back Matter 477