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Paper: EMIR, the NIR MOS and Imager for the GTC
Volume: 507, Multi-Object Spectroscopy in the Next Decade: Big Questions, Large Surveys, and Wide Fields
Page: 297
Authors: Garzón, F.; EMIR team
Abstract: EMIR is one of the first common-user instruments for the GTC, the 10-meter telescope operating at the Roque de los Muchachos Observatory (La Palma, Canary Islands, Spain). EMIR is being built by a Consortium of Spanish and French institutes led by the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC). EMIR is primarily designed to be operated as a MOS in the near-IR band, but offers a wide range of observing modes, including imaging and spectroscopy, both long slit and multi-object, in the wavelength range 0.9 to 2.5 μm. This contribution reports on the results achieved so far during the verification phase at the IAC prior to the shipment of the instrument to the GTC for being commissioned, which is due by mid 2015. EMIR is equipped with a set of three dispersive elements, one for each of the atmospheric windows J,H & K, formed by the combination of a high quality transmission grating embedded in between of two large prisms of ZnSe; plus a low resolution standard replicated grism, functional in the HK and ZJ windows in first and second dispersion orders respectively. The multi-object capability is achieved by means of the Cold Slit Unit (CSU), a cryogenic robotic reconfigurable multi-slit mask system capable of making user specified patterns with 55 different slitlets distributed across the EMIR focal plane. We will describe the principal units and features of the EMIR instrument and the main results of the verification performed so far with special emphasis on the NIR MOS capabilities. The development and fabrication of EMIR is funded by GRANTECAN and the Plan Nacional de Astronomía y Astrofísica (National Plan for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Spain).
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