Title: 370 Years of Astronomy in Utrecht
Volume: 470 Year: 2013 View this Volume on ADS
Editors: Marion Wijburg

Hotel Leeuwenhorst, Noordwijkerhout, The Netherlands
2–5 April 2012

In April 2012, the astronomical Institute at Utrecht organized a 4-day international conference to highlight 370 years of achievements of the Utrecht Observatory, which was founded in 1642. The conference, which was attended by 146 people, also presented an overview of the status, problems, and prospects of the primary research topics being studied at the Institute today.

These proceedings start with a short section on the history of Utrecht Observatory, from its original purpose to provide sea-faring Holland with accurate celestial maps, to the development of quantitative spectral analysis by Marcel Minnaert, the start of space research, and the rapid growth of solar physics, stellar physics and high energy astrophysics in the Netherlands.

The main research themes at the Astronomical Institute Utrecht are highlighted in six sections:
- solar physics,
- stellar evolution,
- plasma physics,
- high energy astrophysics,
- star clusters and galaxy evolution, and
- astronomical instrumentation development.

Each topic is introduced in a review paper that discusses the current status and main questions of the field, followed by several papers on specific studies. It contains papers on magnetic fields on the sun, mass loss and its effect on stellar evolution, luminous blue variable stars, binary evolution, low-mass X-ray binaries, pulsars, supernovae, cosmic rays, gamma ray bursts, star clusters, and instrumentation for high resolution solar imaging and polarimetry.

The 20 reviews, 48 topical papers, and 11 poster papers provide an overview of the current state-of-the-art research in the fields listed above, with frequent emphasis on contributions of the Astronomical Institute Utrecht. The book is suitable for researchers and graduate students interested in solar and stellar physics and high energy astrophysics.
ISBN: 978-1-58381-824-4 eISBN: 978-1-58381-825-1
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Paper Title Page Authors
Front Matter   
Front Cover
Front Matter 1 Pugliese, G.; de Koter, A.; Wijburg, M.
Conference Photos 2 Pugliese, G.; de Koter, A.; Wijburg, M.
Session I. Introduction   
Sterrekundig Instituut Utrecht: The Last Years 3 Keller, C. U.
The Utrecht Astronomical Institute, 1632 to 2012 15 de Jager, C.
Session II. Solar Physics   
Solar prominences: formation, force balance, internal dynamics 37 Keppens, R.; Xia, C.; Chen, P.; Blokland, J. W. S.
Twists to Solar Spicules 49 Rutten, R. J.
The relation between Magnetic Energy and Helicity and their accumulation in Eruptive Solar Active Regions 59 Tziotziou, K.; Georgoulis, M. K.; Raouafi, N.-E.
Measuring Magnetic Fields in the Solar Atmosphere 65 de Wijn, A. G.
Alfvén Waves and the Heating of Solar Coronal Loops 77 Asgari-Targhi, M.; van Ballegooijen, A. A.
Eyes on the Sun: Solar Instrumentation 83 Uitenbroek, H.
Session III. Stellar Evolution   
Mass Loss and Evolution of Massive Stars 97 Lamers, H. J. G. L. M.
First discoveries in the VLT-FLAMES Tarantula Survey 111 de Koter, A.; Sana, H.; Evans, C.; Besthenlehner, J. M.; Taylor, W. D.
The mass-loss dominated lives of the Most Massive Stars 121 Vink, J. S.
28 years of Luminous Blue Variables 129 Weis, K.
Binary population synthesis and SNIa rates 135 Toonen, S.; Nelemans, G.; Bours, M.; Portegies Zwart, S.
Multiplicity of massive O stars and evolutionary implications 141 Sana, H.; de Mink, S. E.; de Koter, A.; Langer, N.; Evans, C. J.; Gieles, M.; Gosset, E.; Izzard, R. G.; Le Bouquin, J.-B.; Schneider, F. R. N.
Progenitor systems of Type Ibc supernovae 147 Yoon, S.-C.
Ultra-compact Binaries: relevance and role of Utrecht 153 Nelemans, G.; van Haaften, L.
Gone with the wind: The elusive origin of Carbon-Enhanced Metal-Poor stars 159 Abate, C.; Pols, O. R.; Izzard, R. G.; Mohamed, S.; de Mink, S. E.
POPCORN: A comparison of binary population synthesis codes 163 Claeys, J. S. W.; Toonen, S.; Mennekens, N.
Long-term Spectroscopic Monitoring of Cool Hypergiants HR 8752, IRC+10420, and 6 Cas near the Yellow Evolutionary Void 167 Lobel, A.; de Jager, K.; Nieuwenhuijzen, H.
On the hydrodynamics of colliding circumstellar bubbles 171 van Marle, A.-J.; Meliani, Z.; Marcowith, A.
Contributions to Ultraviolet Space Astronomy from Groningen and Utrecht 175 Morton, D. C.
Hydrogen or Helium atmospheres for quiescent accreting neutron stars in globular clusters? 181 Servillat, M.
Session IV. Plasma Astrophysics   
The Stability of Cosmic Ray Precursors 187 Achterberg, A.
Gravitational and Magnetohydrodynamic Waves 197 Kuijpers, J.
Magnetic field amplification by cosmic rays in supernova remnants 209 Schure, K. M.; Bell, A. R.
Neutrinos and High Energy Astrophysical Accelerators 215 Pugliese, G.; Achterberg, A.; Hanson, K.
The Earth's magnetotail as a plasma physics laboratory: A Cluster perspective 227 Volwerk, M.
Session V. High Energy Astrophysics   
The contribution of Utrecht to the study of Compact Stars in Globular Clusters 233 Verbunt, F.
The XMM-Newton Surveys of the Magellanic Clouds 245 Bomans, D. J.
X-ray sources in Galactic old Open Star Clusters 251 van den Berg, M.
Detecting donor star signatures in low mass X-ray binaries 263 Cornelisse, R.
Supernova Remnants as the Sources of Galactic Cosmic Rays 269 Vink, J.
Obscuration of Supersoft X-ray Sources in Circumbinary Material—A Way to Hide Type Ia Supernova Progenitors? 281 Nielsen, M.; Dominik, C.; Nelemans, G.; Voss, R.
Session VI. Stellar Cluster and Galaxy Evolution   
Young Massive Clusters and Their Relation to Star Formation 287 Bastian, N.
Star clusters and Extragalactic Stellar Populations 299 Larsen, S. S.
The Snapshot Hubble U-band Cluster Survey; A cluster complex in NGC 2146 309 Adamo, A.; Smith, L. J.
Spatially and Temporally Resolved SFR-Σgas Relation with Massive Stars in the Galaxy 315 Chen, C.-H. R.; Messineo, M.; Menten, K.; Wyrowski, F.
Star formation in the Local Group 321 De Marchi, G.; Panagia, N.
Globular cluster systems of early-type galaxies—do we understand them? 327 Richtler, T.
Mass Loss of Stars in Star Clusters: an Energy Source for Dynamical Evolution 339 Gieles, M.
Collateral Damage: the Implications of Utrecht Star Cluster Astrophysics for Galaxy Evolution 347 Kruijssen, J. M. D.
A multi-scale approach to simulate the Galaxy 353 Portegies Zwart, S.
Age Spread in Galactic star forming region W3 Main 367 Bik, A.; Henning, Th.; Stolte, A.; Brandner, W.; Gouliermis, D. A.; Gennaro, M.; Pasquali, A.; Rochau, B.; Beuther, H.; Ageorges, N.; Seifert, W.; Wang, Y.; Kudryavtseva, N.
Microblazar Properties of LS I +61°303 373 Massi, M.; Ros, E.; Zimmermann, L.; Torricelli-Ciamponi, G.
Halo white dwarfs in the Gaia era 377 van Oirschot, P.; Nelemans, G.; Pols, O.; Helmi, A.; Tolstoy, E.; Brown, A. G. A.
Session VII. Instrumentation   
Kees Zwaan, open principle, future of high-resolution solar telescopes 381 Hammerschlag, R. H.; Bettonvil, F. C. M.
Utrecht and the European Solar Telescope 389 Bettonvil, F. C. M.; EST team
The polarimeters for HARPS and X-shooter 401 Snik, F.; HARPSpol team; X-shooter-pol team
Observing Circumstellar Neighbourhoods with the Extreme Polarimeter 407 Rodenhuis, M.; Canovas, H.; Jeffers, S. V.; Min, M.; Keller, C. U.
Utrecht and Galactic Radio Astronomy 413 van Woerden, H.
Session VIII. Outreach and Education   
Astronomy in the classroom—Young Bright Stars 421 Heesakkers, K.
The Anton Pannekoek Observatory in Amsterdam: an observatory for students 425 Henrichs, H. F.
Session IX. Summary   
Conference Summary and Concluding Remarks 431 van den Heuvel, E. P. J.
Session X. FinalWords   
Final words 441 de Jager, C.
Back Matter   
Object Index 443 Pugliese, G.; de Koter, A.; Wijburg, M.
Back Matter 446