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Paper: Characterizing Ultraviolet Excesses in the Outskirts of a Local Early-Type Sample
Volume: 440, UP2010: Have Observations Revealed a Variable Upper End of the Initial Mass Function?
Page: 241
Authors: Meyer, J. D.; van Gorkom, J.; Schiminovich, D.
Abstract: We present an analysis of ultraviolet (UV) emission in the outer regions of a local, volume-limited sample of 56 early-type galaxies, where Hα emission from massive star formation is typically absent. We find excess faint NUV emission in the environments of our early-type galaxies compared to blank sky measured in the same tiles, indicating that the excesses are not due to background contamination. We do not observe corresponding faint FUV excesses. Faint NUV excesses increase with galaxy luminosity and are not correlated with the presence or absence of HI in the environments of these galaxies. The faint NUV excesses in the outskirts of early-type galaxies can be interpreted as being due to star formation at or above a few × 10–5 M yr-1 kpc–2; star formation at this rate can create a few percent of the mass of an early-type galaxy in a Gyr. Faint early types (with MB > -21.3) have on average four times as many bright UV sources within 30 kpc compared to bright early types (with MB < -21.3). The peak of the source distribution detected around faint early types is less luminous and slightly bluer than the peak of the sources detected around bright early types, indicating that early types with MB > -21.3 are more actively building up their mass with young stars. The spatial distribution of bright sources around all early types increases approximately linearly out to 20 kpc and subsequently flattens.
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