Back to Volume
Paper: Triggering of Cloud Collapse in a Galactic Disk by Infall of a High Velocity Cloud
Volume: 390, Pathways Through an Eclectic Universe
Page: 386
Authors: Casuso, E.; Beckman, J.E.; Buenrostro, V.
Abstract: We express in linearized form the five classical coupled equations representing the rotating gas disk of a standard disk galaxy. We solve them in three limiting cases for the gas disk: 1) infinite thickness and uniform rotation, 2) finite thickness and uniform rotation, and 3) infinite thickness and shearing box approximating differential rotation. We then test the effect of a giant high velocity cloud (HVC) colliding with the disk at velocities in excess of 100 kms−1. We find that the usual Jeans criterion for the limit of cloud stability is modified by the additional term arising from the effect of the HVC collision with the gas disk. This term, which contains the velocity of the incoming cloud, and a characteristic scale for the shock front, is closely comparable in magnitude to the original term (the square of the product of the sound speed and the characteristic wave number) in the static Jeans equation and also similar in magnitude to the global effect of shear. This result shows that an HVC falling onto a disk that contains clouds close to Jeans equilibrium will generally be effective in triggering cloud collapse and subsequent star formation.
Back to Volume