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Paper: Infrared Spectral Energy Distributions of Submillimetre Galaxies
Volume: 380, At the Edge of the Universe: Latest Results from the Deepest Astronomical Surveys
Page: 387
Authors: Pope, A.; Chary, R.-R.; Dickinson, M.; Scott, D.
Abstract: Submillimetre (sub-mm) galaxies have very high infrared (IR) luminosities and are thousands of times more numerous at z ~ 2 than local ultra-luminous IR galaxies. They therefore represent a key phase in galaxy evolution which can be missed in optical surveys. Determining their contribution to the global star formation rate requires dissecting their IR emission into contributions from starbursts (SB) and active galactic nuclei (AGN). There are several examples of AGN systems which masquerade as SBs in either the IR or X-ray, and SBs can often look like AGN in some wavebands. A combination of SB and AGN emission is not unreasonable, given models of merger-driven evolution. To assess in detail what powers the intense IR luminosity of sub-mm galaxies it is important to obtain a complete multi-wavelength picture. Mid-IR spectroscopy is a particularly good probe of where the intense IR luminosity is coming from. We present the first results from a program to obtain Spitzer IRS spectroscopy of a sample of high redshift galaxies in the GOODS-N field, a large fraction of which are sub-mm galaxies. This field is already home to the deepest X-ray, optical, IR and radio data. We piece together the sub-mm data with the Spitzer photometry and IRS spectra to provide a well sampled IR spectral energy distribution (SED) of sub-mm galaxies and determine the contribution to the bolometric luminosity from the AGN and SB components.
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