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Paper: Stellar Collisions and Black-Hole Formation in Dense Star Clusters
Volume: 367, Massive Stars in Interactive Binaries
Page: 697
Authors: McMillan, S.L.W.; Portegies Zwart, S.F.
Abstract: Close encounters and physical collisions between stars in young dense clusters may lead to the formation of very massive stars and black holes via runaway merging. We examine critically some details of this process, using N-body simulations and simple analytical estimates to place limits on the cluster parameters for which it is expected to occur. For small clusters, the mass of the runaway is effectively limited by the total number of high-mass stars in the system. For sufficiently dense larger clusters, the runaway mass is determined by the fraction of stars that can mass segregate to the cluster core while still on the main sequence. The result is in the range commonly cited for intermediate-mass black holes, such as that recently reported in the Galactic center.
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