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Paper: Statistical Properties of Flares and Sunspots over the Solar Cycle
Volume: 428, SOHO-23: Understanding a Peculiar Solar Minimum
Page: 161
Authors: Temmer, M.
Abstract: The present paper reviews results derived from statistical studies of solar activity indices. The prolonged minimum phase of cycle 23 raised the question of peculiarities inherent in cycle 23. The most important solar activity index is the relative sunspot number and though most of the other indices are closely related, shifts are obtained between their peak activities of the order of 1–2 years. These shifts reveal a 22-year pattern which can be attributed to solar interior or dynamo related processes. The minimum phase of cycle 23 is not found to be exceptional. Investigating the relative sunspot numbers over the past 150 years, solar cycles of more prolonged minima are observed. Since 1920, solar activity has been quite high (“modern maximum”) and cycle 23 might be the herald of the end of this phase.
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