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Paper: Designs and Development of Multimode Horns for ASTRO-G/VSOP-2 Satellite
Volume: 402, Approaching Micro-Arcsecond Resolution with VSOP-2: Astrophysics and Technologies
Page: 70
Authors: Ujihara, H.
Abstract: The antenna optics of VSOP-2 satellite require low cross polarization, and the volume of the receiver box is limited. Thus, instead of conventional corrugated horns, multimode horns were proposed and designed in order to reduce the axial length and weight of the horns but still compatible with a low cross polarization. These multimode horns were designed for three observational bands of VSOP-2 at 8GHz, 22GHz, 43GHz, all with about the same antenna illumination size. However, the ratio of waveguide and wavelength are slightly different. The 22GHz-horn was designed at first, and the other horns were arranged around it. The properties of the horns were improved by controlling the complex amplitude of higher modes and by fitting the beam width to the antenna optics. The BBM models of horns were tested, and their measured beam patterns agree well with numerical simulations.
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