Title: Extragalactic Jets: Theory and Observation from Radio to Gamma Ray
Volume: 386 Year: 2008 View this Volume on ADS
Editors: Rector, Travis; De Young, Dave
These proceedings of an international meeting held May 2007 in Girdwood, Alaska, USA provide a comprehensive overview of recent theoretical and observational work on the nature of extragalactic jets, from parsec to kiloparsec scales. Special emphasis is given to the interaction of jets with their environment and to the insights this interaction can provide. The invited reviews, contributed talks, and poster sessions form a detailed summary of the latest findings, as well as illustrate outstanding questions that remain to be resolved. This book is suitable for researchers and graduate students.

The origin and evolution of highly collimated and highly energetic outflows from the nuclei of some galaxies remains, after over 30 years of intensive study, and enigmatic process. We still do not know how these jets are collimated, or what they contain beyond relativistic particles and magnetic fields, much less how they come to be in the first place. If we could unravel the mystery of their origins, then it is clear that new and significant constraints could also be placed on the origin and evolution of the “central engine,” presumably a massive black hole, that creates them. This is turn would give rise to new constraints on the formation and evolution of the parent galaxies and their environment. The quest for insights into the nature of these objects has always been made difficult by the last of information conveyed by their simple power law radiation spectrum, and so much of the information gained must be inferential. However, the hope remains that by gaining an understanding of the interaction of these objects with their environment we may be able to deduce the key parameters of the jets themselves. This strategy of working from “the outside in” is showing increasing promise as higher resolution observations with increasing sensitivity are being made over increased coverage in wavelength, especially as these are cast against results from sophisticated theoretical calculations that include three-dimensional MHD simulations.

ISBN: 978-1-58381-335-5 eISBN: 978-1-58381-336-2
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Paper Title Page Authors
Volume 386 Cover Rector, T.; De Young, D.
Front Matter   
Volume 386 Front Matter 1 Rector, T.; De Young, D.
Conference Photo   
Volume 386 Conference Photograph 2 Rector, T.; De Young, D.
Part 1.
Extragalactic Jets: Some Unanswered Questions and the Prospects for GLAST 3 Blandford, R.
Part 2.
Extended Sources
The Spitzer View of Jet-ISM Interactions 15 Ogle, P.; Antonucci, R.; Leipski, C.; Appleton, P.; Whysong, D.
The Properties and Gaseous Environments of Powerful Classical Double Radio Galaxies 25 Daly, R.A.; O’Dea, C.P.; Kharb, P.; Baum, S.A.; Freeman, K.A.; Mory, M.P.
Large-Scale Propagation of Very Light Jets in Galaxy Clusters 32 Gaibler, V.; Camenzind, M.; Krause, M.
Bent-Double Radio Sources as Probes of the Intragroup Medium 39 Freeland, E.; WIlcots, E.
Hotspots, Jets and Environments 46 Hardcastle, M.J.
The Luminous X-ray Hotspot In 4C 74.26: Jet Dynamics At Work 56 Erlund, M.C.; Fabian, A.C.; Blundell, K.; Moss, C.; Ballantyne, D.R.
A Deep Chandra Observation of the PKS 1055+201 Jets, Lobes, and Hotspots 63 Schwartz, D.A.; Siemiginowska, A.; Worrall, D.M.; Birkinshaw, M.; Jauncey, D.L.; Lovell, J.E.J.; Murphy, D.W.; Perlman, E.S.; Georganopoulos, M.; Gelbord, J.M.; Bicknell, G.V.; Godfrey, L.; Jester, S.; Marshall, H.L.
Jet-Environment Interactions in FRI Radio Galaxies 70 Laing, R.A.; Bridle, A.H.
The Continuing Saga of the Explosive Event(s) in the M87 Jet: Is M87 a Blazar? 80 Harris, D.E.; Cheung, C.C.; Stawarz, L.; Biretta, J.A.; Sparks, W.; Perlman, E.S.; Wilson, A.S.
Progress Toward a VLBA Movie of the Jet Collimation Region in M87 87 Walker, R.C.; Ly, C.; Junor, W.; Hardee, P.E.
An X-ray Jet in the BL Lac S5 2007+777 94 Sambruna, R.M.; Donato, D.; Cheung, C.C.; Tavecchio, F.; Maraschi, L.
Deep Chandra Observations of the Centaurus A Jet 99 Hardcastle, M.J.; Kraft, R.P.; Goodger, J.L.; Croston, J.H.; Sivakoff, G.R.; Jordán, A.; Evans, D.A.; the Cen A VLP Team
Magnetic-Field Fluctuations Around the Radio Galaxy 3C 31 104 Laing, R.A.; Bridle, A.H.
Jet Spectra in FRI Radio Galaxies: Implications for Particle Acceleration 110 110 Laing, R.A.; Bridle, A.H.; Cotton, W.D.; Worrall, D.M.; Birkinshaw, M.
The Case of the 300 kpc Long X-ray Jet in PKS 1127-145 at z=1.18 115 Siemiginowska, A.; Harris, D.E.; Aldcroft, T.L.; Stawarz, L.; Cheung, C.C.; Sikora, M.; Bechtold, J.
Multi-Wavelength Observational Study of FRII Radio Galaxies and Quasars 120 Fernini, I.
Recurrent Activity in Radio Galaxies 125 Jamrozy, M.; Konar, C.; Machalski, J.; Mack, K.-H.; Saikia, D.J.; Siemiginowska, A.; Stawarz, L.
The Non-Thermal Radio Jet in the NGC 2264 Star-Forming Region 129 Trejo, A.; Rodríguez, L.F.
An X-ray View of Pictor A Radio Lobes: A Spatially Resolved Study 133 Migliori, G.; Grandi, P.; Palumbo, G.C.G.; Brunetti, G.; Stanghellini, C.
Electron Energy Distributions at Relativistic Shock Sites: Observational Constraints from the Cygnus A Hotspots 139 Cheung, C.C.; Stawarz, L.; Harris, D.E.; Ostrowski, M.
Part 3.
Compact Sources
Insights on Jet Physics and High Energy Emission Processes from Optical Polarimetry 147 Perlman, E.S.; Padgett, C.A.; Georganopoulos, M.; Dulwich, F.; Worrall, D.M.; Birkinshaw, M.; Sparks, W.B.; Biretta, J.A.; O’Dea, C.P.; Baum, S.A.; Wilson, A.S.
Intrinsic Structure and Kinematics of the Sub-Parsec Scale Jet of M87 155 Kovalev, Y.Y.
X-Ray Nuclei in Radio Galaxies: Exploring the Roles of Hot and Cold Gas Accretion 161 Evans, D.A.; Hardcastle, M.J.; Croston, J.H.
Radio Loudness of AGNs: Host Galaxy Morphology and the Spin Paradigm 169 Stawarz, L.; Sikora, M.; Lasota, J.-P.
Jet Properties and Evolution in Small and Intermediate Scale Objects 176 Giroletti, M.
How Compact are the Cores of AGN? Sub-Parsec Scale Imaging with VLBI at Millimeter Wavelength 186 Krichbaum, T.P.; Lee, S.S.; Lobanov, A.P.; Marscher, A.P.; Gurwell, M.A.
On the Nature of High Frequency Peakers: Young Radio Sources or Flaring Blazars? 196 Orienti, M.; Dallacasa, D.
A Chandra Survey of Quasar Jets: Latest Results 203 Gelbord, J.M.; Marshall, H.L.; Schwartz, D.A.; Lovell, J.E.J.; Murphy, D.W.; Worrall, D.M.; Birkinshaw, M.; Perlman, E.S.; Godfrey, L.; Georganopoulos, M.; Jauncey, D.L.
The Interplay Between Radio Jets and ISM in Sub-kpc Radio Sources 210 Morganti, R.
The Quasar 1317+520: A Laboratory for Particle Acceleration 219 Jorstad, S.G.; Marscher, A.P.
Gamma Ray and Neutrino Emission as a Probe of Relativistic Jets 227 Levinson, A.
Fossil AGN as UHE Particle Accelerators 233 Protheroe, R.J.; Benford, G.
Parsec-Scale Jet-Environment Interactions in AGN 240 Lister, M.L.
NRAO 150: A Recently Identified Quasar Revealing Extreme Non-Ballistic Motion 249 Agudo, I.; Bach, U.; Krichbaum, T.P.; Marscher, A.P.; Gonidakis, I.; Diamond, P.J.; Alef, W.; Graham, D.; Witzel, A.; Zensus, J.A.; Bremer, M.; Acosta-Pulido, J.A.; Barrena, R.
The Jet of Markarian 501 from the Sub-Parsec to the kpc Scale 256 Giovannini, G.; Giroletti, M.; Taylor, G.B.
The Next Generation Space VLBI Project: VSOP-2 262 Inoue, M.; Nagai, H.; Asada, K.; Saito, H.; Tsuboi, M.; the Next Generation Space VLBI Working G
Prospects for Observing Quasar Jets with the Space Interferometry Mission PlanetQuest 265 Wehrle, A.E.; Unwin, S.C.
Magnetic Field Structures of BL Lac Objects on Decaparsec Scales 270 Veres, P.; Gabuzda, D.C.
Parsec-Scale Jets in Lobe-dominated Quasars 274 Hough, D.
Phase-Referencing on BL Lac 279 Sokolov, A.; Cawthorne, T.
Investigation of the Faraday Rotation Measure and Magnetic Field Structures of Several AGN Jets on Sub-Parsec to Parsec Scales 284 O'Sullivan, S.P.; Gabuzda, D.C.
Kinematic and Synchrotron Ages of Compact Symmetric Objects 290 Nagai, H.; Asada, K.; Doi, A.; Kameno, S.; Inoue, M.
AGN Observations in the GeV/TeV Energy Range with the MAGIC Telescope 295 Wagner, R.M.; the MAGIC Collaboration
The Hard Synchrotron X–ray Spectrum of the TeV BL Lac 1ES 1426+428 302 Wolter, A.; Beckmann, V.; Ghisellini, G.; Tavecchio, F.; Maraschi, L.; Costamante, L.; Celotti, A.; Ghirlanda, G.
Part 4.
Cluster Sources
Jet Interactions with the Hot Halos of Clusters and Galaxies 311 McNamara, B.R.; Bîrzan, L.; Rafferty, D.A.; Nulsen, P.E.J.; Carilli, C.; Wise, M.W.
AGN Heating of the Intergalactic Medium in Galaxy Groups 320 Wilcots, E.M.; Hess, K.M.; Grcevich, J.
Jet Feedback in Clusters: Simulating the Interaction of Jets with Dynamic Cluster Atmospheres 327 Heinz, S.; Brüggen, M.; Ruszkowski, M.; Young, A.; Levesque, E.
Jet/Environment Interactions in Low-Power Radio Galaxies 335 Croston, J.H.
Does AGN Feedback in Galaxy Clusters Really Work? 343 De Young, D.S.; O’Neill, S.M.; Jones, T.W.
Evolution of a Powerful Radio Loud Quasar 3C 186 and its Impact on the Cluster Environment at z=1 350 Siemiginowska, A.; Aldcroft, T.L.; Burke, D.; Bechtold, J.; Cheung, C.C.; LaMassa, S.; Worrall, D.M.
X-ray Observables of Magnetically Dominated Cavities in Clusters 358 Diehl, S.; Nakamura, M.; Li, H.; Rafferty, D.
Inverse-Compton Emission from the Lobes of 3C353 363 Goodger, J.L.; Hardcastle, M.J.; Croston, J.H.
Diffuse Extended Emission and Galaxy Population of A2255 368 Pizzo, R.F.; de Bruyn, A.G.
Numerical Modeling of AGN Jets: Formation of Magnetically Dominated Lobes and Stability Properties of Current-Carrying Jets 373 Nakamura, M.; Li, H.; Diehl, S.; Li, S.
Part 5.
Physical Processes and Cosmology
Kelvin-Helmholtz Modes Revealed by the Transversal Structure of the Jet in 0836+710 381 Perucho, M.; Lobanov, A.P.
Hydrodynamics of Small-Scale Jets: Observational Aspects 388 Valtaoja, E.; Lindfors, E.; Saloranta, P.-M.; Hovatta, T.; Lähteenmäki, A.; Nieppola, E.; Torniainen, I.; Tornikoski, M.
The Role of MHD in the ICM and its Interactions with AGN Outflows 398 Jones, T.W.
3D Relativistic MHD Simulations of Magnetized Spine-Sheath Relativistic Jets 410 Mizuno, Y.; Hardee, P.E.; Nishikawa, K.-I.
Relativistic Effects in the Structure and Dynamics of Extragalactic Jets 417 Martí, J.-M.
Understanding the Origin of Bright Features 429 Swift, C.M.; Hughes, P.A.
The Core of a Blazar Jet 437 Marscher, A.P.
Circular Polarization and Helical B Fields in AGN 444 Gabuzda, D.; Vitrishchak, V.M.; Mahmud, M.; O'Sullivan, S.
Magnetic Field Structure in the Parsec Scale Jet of 3C 273 from Multifrequency VLBA Observations 451 Savolainen, T.; Wiik, K.; Valtaoja, E.; Tornikoski, M.
A New Method to Detect Faraday Screen 459 Inoue, M.; Asada, K.; Nagai, H.
The Highest Redshift Relativistic Jets 462 Cheung, C.C.; Stawarz, L.; Siemiginowska, A.; Harris, D.E.; Schwartz, D.A.; Wardle, J.F.C.; Gobeille, D.; Lee, N.P.
Radio-Loud and Radio-Quiet Quasars: One Population, Different Epochs of Observation 467 Blundell, K.M.
The Role of GLAST in Multiwavelength Observations of Bright TeV Blazars 477 Paneque, D.; Chiang, J.; Giebels, B.; Lonjou, V.; Lott, B.; Madejski, G.; the GLAST/LAT Collaboration
Investigation of Correlations Between the Optical and Radio Polarization of AGN 483 Algaba, J.C.; Gabuzda, D.C.; Smith, P.S.
Magnetic Field Structure of Relativistic Jets in AGNs 488 Roca-Sogorb, M.; Perucho, M.; Gómez, J.L.; Martí, J.M.; Antón, L.; Aloy, M.A.; Agudo, I.
Searching For Helical Magnetic Fields in Active Galactic Nuclei 494 Mahmud, M.; Gabuzda, D.C.
Surprising Evolution of Faraday Rotation Gradients in the Jet of S5 1803+784 501 Mahmud, M.; Gabuzda, D.C.; Bezrukovs, V.
Optical, Gamma-Ray and X-Ray Monitoring of Markarian 421 in the 2005-2006 Season 507 Lee, K.; Acciari, V.; Buckley, J.; Ciupik, L.; Fortson, L.; Grube, J.; Horan, D.; Kildea, J.; Krawczynski, H.; Lang, M.; Moriarty, P.; Smith, A.; Steele, D.; Toner, J.; Weekes, T.; Aller, H.; Aller, M.; Bloom, J.; Carini, M.; Kovalev, Y.; Kurtanidze, O.; Lähteenmäki, A.; Montaruli, T.; Sadun, A.; Sillanpää, A.; Tosti, G.
Rotation Measure Observation towards NRAO 140 Jet: Constraints for the Pitch Angle of a Helical Magnetic Field 513 Asada, K.; Inoue, M.; Nakamura, M.; Kameno, S.; Nagai, H.
The MicroArcsecond Scintillation-Induced Variability (MASIV) Survey: Detection of Angular Broadening at High Redshift? 517 Pursimo, T.; Ojha, R.; Jauncey, D.; Lovell, J.; Dutka, M.; Bignall, H.; Macquart, J.-P.; Rickett, B.; Kedziora-Chudczer, L.
Effects of Jet Opening Angle and Velocity Structure on Blazar Parameters 522 Wiita, P.J.; Gopal-Krishna; Dhurde, S.; Sircar, P.
A First Synoptic Blazar Study Comprising Eleven Blazars Visible in E > 100 GeV γ-Rays 527 Wagner, R.M.
The FIRST Flat Spectrum Sample 533 Fossati, G.
Gamma-Ray Emission From Young Radio Galaxies 539 Stawarz, L.; Ostorero, L.; Begelman, M.C.; Moderski, R.; Kataoka, J.; Wagner, S.
Part 6.
Extragalactic Jets: Reflections on the Conference 549 Rudnick, L.
Back Matter   
Volume 386 Back Matter 559 Rector, T.; De Young, D.
Volume 386 Photographs 999 Rector, T.; De Young, D.