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Paper: Probing Quasar Outflows with Intrinsic Narrow Absorption Lines
Volume: 373, The Central Engine of Active Galactic Nuclei
Page: 291
Authors: Misawa, T.; Eracleous, M.; Charlton, J.C.; Ganguly, R.; Tytler, D.; Kirkman, D.; Suzuki, N.; Lubin, D.
Abstract: We present statistical and monitoring results of narrow absorption lines that are physically related to quasars (i.e., intrinsic NALs). We use Keck/HIRES spectra of 37 optically bright quasars at z=24, and identify 150 NAL systems that contain 124 C iv, 12 N v, and 50 Si iv doublets. Among them, 39 are classified as intrinsic systems based on partial coverage analysis. At least 50% of quasars host intrinsic NALs. We identify two families of intrinsic systems based on their ionization state. Some intrinsic systems have detectable low-ionization NALs at similar velocities as higher-ionization NALs, although such low-ionization lines are rare in broad absorption-line (BAL) systems. We also have observed an optically bright quasar, HS1603+3820, eight times with Subaru/HDS and HET/MRS over an interval of 4.2 years (1.2 years in the quasar rest frame), for the purpose of monitoring a variable C iv mini-BAL system. We find that all the troughs of the system vary in concert. However, no other correlations are seen between the variations of different profile parameters. We propose that the observed variations are either (i) a result of rapid continuum fluctuations, caused by a clumpy screen of variable optical depth located between the continuum source and the mini-BAL gas, or (ii) a result of variable scattering of continuum photons around the absorber.
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