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Paper: Binaries and the Puzzling Temporal Behaviour of 14N in the Solar Neighbourhood
Volume: 362, The Seventh Pacific Rim Conference on Stellar Astrophysics
Page: 33
Authors: Vanbeveren, D.; De Donder, E.
Abstract: Low metallicity, very massive stars with an initial mass between 140 MSolar and 260 MSolar can be subdivided into two groups: those between 140 MSolar and 200 MSolar which produce a relatively small amount of Fe, and those with a mass between 200 MSolar and 260 MSolar where the Fe-yield ejected during the supernova explosion is enormous. We first demonstrate that the inclusion of the second group into a chemical evolutionary model for the Solar Neighbourhood predicts an early temporal evolution of Fe which is at variance with observations whereas it can not be excluded that the first group could have been present. We then show that a low metallicity binary with very massive components (with a mass corresponding to the first group) can be an efficient site of primary 14N production through the explosion of a binary component that has been polluted by the pair-instability supernova ejecta of its companion. When we implement these massive binary 14N yields in a chemical evolution model, we conclude that very massive close binaries may have been important sites of 14N enrichment during the early evolution of the Galaxy.
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