Back to Volume
Paper: The Origin of the Interstellar Turbulence and Small Scale Structures of Molecular Clouds
Volume: 476, New Trends in Radio Astronomy in the ALMA Era
Page: 111
Authors: Tachihara, K.
Abstract: In order to study the origin of the interstellar turbulence, detailed observations in the CO J = 1–0 and 3–2 lines have been carried out in an interacting region of a molecular cloud with an H II region by the Nobeyama 45m and ASTE telescopes. As a result, several 1,000 to 10,000 AU scale cloudlets with small velocity dispersion (ΔV ∼ 0.6 km s-1) are detected, whose systemic velocities have a relatively large scatter of a few km s-1. It is suggested that the cloud is composed of small-scale dense and cold structures and their overlapping effect makes it appear to be a turbulent entity as a whole. This picture strongly supports the two-phase model of turbulent medium driven by thermal instability proposed previously. On the surface of the present cloud, the turbulence is likely to be driven by thermal instability following ionization shock compression and UV irradiation. Those small scale structures have a relatively high CO line ratio of J=3–2 to 1–0, 1 ≤ R3–2/1–0 ≤ 2. The large velocity gradient analysis implies that the 0.6 km s-1 width component cloudlets have an average density of 103–4 cm–3, which is relatively high at cloud edges, but their masses are only ≤ 0.05 M.
Back to Volume