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Paper: Explosions of LBV and Post-LBV Stars
Volume: 425, Hot and Cool: Bridging Gaps in Massive Star Evolution
Page: 73
Authors: Van Dyk, S. D.
Abstract: In this contributed talk I presented the observational evidence for supernova (SN) explosions of stars in the luminous blue variable (LBV) and the immediate post-LBV evolutionary phases. We now have compelling indications that two recent SNe of Type II-"narrow" (IIn) were the explosions of LBVs, including the direct identification of the progenitor LBV for one of these examples. A recent SN of Type Ic exploded as a helium star, two years after the powerful LBV outburst of its progenitor. These cases were also discussed by other presenters at this Workshop in some detail. I instead focus more on another example, SN 2001em, which was first identified as a Type Ib/c, but later evolved to Type IIn. I argue that the progenitor of this SN exploded as a Wolf-Rayet (WR) star, following an eruptive LBV phase. Furthermore, I suggest that two “SN impostors," i.e., extragalactic massive stars observed to undergo pre-SN LBV eruptions (similar to η Carinae), may well have evolved to the WR phase in real time.
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