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Paper: Interacting Galaxies with Modified Newtonian Dynamics
Volume: 396, Formation and Evolution of Galaxy Disks
Page: 259
Authors: Tiret, O.; Combes, F.
Abstract: We compare N-body simulations performed in Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND) with analogs in Newtonian gravity with dark matter (DM). We have developed a code which solves the Poisson equation in both gravity models. It is a grid solver using adaptive mesh refinement techniques, allowing us to study isolated galaxies as well as interacting galaxies. Galaxies in MOND are found to form bars faster and stronger than in the DM model. In Newton dynamics, it is difficult to reproduce the observed high frequency of strong bars, while MOND appears to fit better the observations. Galaxy interactions and mergers, such as the Antennae, are also simulated with Newton and MOND dynamics. In the latter, dynamical friction is much weaker, and merging time-scales are longer. The formation of tidal dwarf galaxies in tidal tails are also compared in MOND and Newton+DM models.
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