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Paper: Modelling Alkali Line Absorption and Molecular Bands in Cool DAZs
Volume: 334, 14th European Workshop on White Dwarfs
Page: 209
Authors: Homeier, D.; Allard, N.; Allard, F.; Hauschildt, P.H.; Schweitzer, A.; Stencil, P.C.; Weck, P.F.
Abstract: Two peculiar stars showing an apparent extremely broadened and strong Na ID absorption have been discovered in surveys for cool white dwarfs by Oppenheimer et al. (2001) and Harris et al. (2003, SDSS). We discuss the nature of these objects using PHOENIX atmosphere models for metal-poor brown dwarfs/very low mass stars, and new white dwarf LTE and NLTE models for hydrogen- and helium-dominated atmospheres with metals. These include complete molecular formation in chemical equilibrium and a model for the alkali resonance line broadening based on the damping profiles of Allard et al. (2003), as well as new molecular line opacities for metal hydrides. First results of our calculations indicate good agreement with a hydrogen-dominated WD atmosphere with a Na abundance roughly consistent with a state of high accretion. We analyse deviations of the abundances of Na, K, Mg and Ca from the cosmic pattern and comment on implications of these results for standard accretion scenarios.
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