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Paper: "Osiris" (HD209458b), an Evaporating Planet
Volume: 321, Extrasolar Planets: Today and Tomorrow
Page: 152
Authors: Vidal-Madjar, A.; Lecavelier des Etangs, A.
Abstract: Three transits of the planet orbiting the solar type star HD209458 were observed in the far UV at the wavelength of the Hi Lyman α line. The planet size at this wavelength is equal to 4.3 RJup, i.e. larger than the planet Roche radius (3.6 RJup). Absorbing hydrogen atoms were found to be blueshifted by up to −130 km.s−1, exceeding the planet escape velocity. This implies that hydrogen atoms are escaping this "hot Jupiter" planet. An escape flux of ≥1010 g.s−1 is needed to explain the observations. Taking into account the tidal forces and the temperature rise expected in the upper atmosphere, theoretical evaluations are in good agreement with the observed rate. Lifetime of planets closer to their star could be shorter than stellar lifetimes suggesting that this evaporating phenomenon may explain the lack of planets with very short orbital distance.

This evaporating planet could be represented by the Egyptian god "Osiris" cut into pieces and having lost one of them. This would give us a much easier way to name that planet and replace the unpleasant "HD209458b" name used so far.

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