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Paper: Far-infrared studies of the Galactic Center Arc using the Kuiper Airborne Observatory
Volume: 73, Airborne Astronomy Symposium on the Galactic Ecosystem: From Gas to Stars to Dust
Page: 477
Authors: Morris, Mark; Davidson, Jacqueline A.; Werner, Michael W.
Abstract: Two molecular clouds are clearly interacting with the Galactic Center Radio Arc. The HII regions located at both sites of interaction - the 'Arched Filaments' and G0.18-0.04 - are powerful sources of far-infrared radiation, each having a total luminosity of approx. 107 solar luminosity. Using the University of Texas far-IR Photometer at 50 and 90 microns, we found that the emission is substantially more extended than the filamentary HII regions, and that, while the intensity peaks at the locations of the filaments, the dust temperature shows only weak variations, implying that the heating is relatively uniform. The Arched Filaments were also observed with the University of Chicago far-IR Array Polarimeter, STOKES, at 100 microns. The greater than 100 independently sampled positions cover most of the 5 ft x 7 ft area of the Arched Filaments. The polarization is relatively strong (up to 9.4%) almost everywhere in this region. Also, the slow and smooth variations of the polarization angles across the region are consistent with the large magnetic field strengths and the highly-ordered geometry deduced from radio measurements. However, it appears that the magnetic field direction inferred from far-IR polarization (parallel to the Arched Filaments and following their curvature) is very different from that implied by the nonthermal radio filaments. The magnetic field, gas motions, and gravitational potential gradient in the arched filament region are all consistent with gravitational shearing of the molecular cloud underlying the Arched Filaments.
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