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Paper: Abundances in the Most Metal Poor Stars: Nucleosynthesis in the Early Milky Way
Volume: 374, From Stars to Galaxies: Building the Pieces to Build Up the Universe
Page: 111
Authors: Hill, V.; Spite, M.; the First Stars collaboration
Abstract: The detailed abundance patterns in extremely metal-poor (EMP) stars are examined, using the results of the First Stars ESO-VLT Large Program on large samples of dwarfs (located close to the main sequence turnoff) and gi- ant stars (Cayrel et al. 2004 and subsequent papers). Abundances measured in giants are compared to those measured in turnoff stars, and to comparable quality data in the literature, to demonstrate that the systematics involved in most abundance ratios are very small. A few exceptions are discussed: a reanal- ysis of Na in EMP samples is performed using NLTE computations. In addition, giants with luminosities brighter than the RGB bump are shown to exhibit the sign of surface pollution by mixing of the products of H-burning, affecting the measured abundances of C, N and Li.

The implications of a few key abundance ratios (among those considered to be robust and representative of the early galactic gas) are examined in terms of the early Milky-Way enrichment processes and the possible nucleosynthesis contributors (PISNs, SNII, hypernovae). The very low dispersion found around the mean trends are also discussed in terms of chemical enrichment processes.

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