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Paper: Tracing the Evolution of Disk Galaxies with Galactic Structures and Gas Kinematics
Volume: 375, From Z-Machines to ALMA: (Sub)Millimeter Spectroscopy of Galaxies
Page: 283
Authors: Sheth, K.
Abstract: Current evidence suggests that the epoch of disk formation occurred between 1 < z < 3. What were the properties of galaxy disks at the epoch of their formation? How did they evolve to their present state, and how was the Hubble sequence assembled? Although large and comprehensive datasets such as COSMOS, GEMS, and GOODS are now becoming available, it is possible that these questions will remain unanswered because of the difficulty in obtaining redshifts from optical spectroscopy as emission lines are redshifted into the infrared. This historical shortcoming has also hampered millimeter and submillimeter studies where the limited bandwidth and sensitivity of current telescopes have restricted studies to only a handful of bright galaxies with spectroscopic redshifts. With the future generation of z-machines, we can overcome the current obstacles and combine optical, infrared, millimeter, and submillimeter observations to trace the evolution of disk galaxies. In this contribution, we describe a research strategy to study the assembly of disk galaxies using space- and ground-based telescopes at multiple wavelengths. In particular, we emphasize the critical role of z-machines and millimeter/submillimeter interferometers.
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