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Paper: High-Resolution Observations and Numerical Simulations of Chromospheric Fibrils and Mottles
Volume: 368, The Physics of Chromospheric Plasmas
Page: 65
Authors: De Pontieu, B.; Hansteen, V.H.; Rouppe van der Voort, L.; van Noort, M.; Carlsson, M.
Abstract: With the recent advent of the Swedish 1-m Solar Telescope (SST), advanced image processing techniques, as well as numerical simulations that provide a more realistic view of the chromosphere, a comprehensive understanding of chromospheric jets such as spicules, mottles and fibrils is now within reach. In this paper, we briefly summarize results from a recent analysis of dynamic fibrils, short-lived jet-like features that dominate the chromosphere (as imaged in Hα) above and about active region plage. Using extremely high-resolution observations obtained at the SST, and advanced numerical 2D radiative MHD simulations, we show that fibrils are most likely formed by chromospheric shock waves that occur when convective flows and global oscillations leak into the chromosphere along the field lines of magnetic flux concentrations.

In addition, we present some preliminary observations of quiet Sun jets or mottles. We find that the mechanism that produces fibrils in active regions is most likely also at work in quiet Sun regions, although it is modified by the weaker magnetic field and the presence of more mixed-polarity. A comparison with numerical simulations suggests that the weaker magnetic field in quiet Sun allows for significantly stronger (than in active regions) transverse motions that are superposed on the field-aligned, shock-driven motions. This leads to a more dynamic, and much more complex environment than in active region plage. In addition, our observations of the mixed polarity environment in quiet Sun regions suggest that other mechanisms, such as reconnection, may well play a significant role in the formation of some quiet Sun jets. Simultaneous high-resolution magnetograms (such as those provided by Hinode), as well as numerical simulations that take into account a whole variety of different magnetic configurations, will be necessary to determine the relative importance in quiet Sun of, respectively, the fibril-mechanism and reconnection.

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