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Paper: Transformations in our Understanding of Galaxy Evolution
Volume: 507, Multi-Object Spectroscopy in the Next Decade: Big Questions, Large Surveys, and Wide Fields
Page: 217
Authors: Bershady, M. A.
Abstract: A new generation of instruments has launched large surveys now mapping galaxy evolution with single- and multi-object integral-field spectrographs (IFS). These surveys form counterpoints to the mapping of the Milky Way with multi-object stellar spectroscopy and the Gaia satellite. Combined, they allow us to better place the Milky Way in context of the galaxy population at z∼0; to understand if the Milky Way is indeed a normal spiral; and to leverage its unique archaeological record against observations of distant galaxies. These studies illustrate opportunities awaiting next-generation instruments and surveys that push to higher spectral resolution, lower surface-brightness, and into the near and even mid-infrared. Here we focus on the advantages of higher spectral resolution IFS, as enabled by WEAVE. Ground-breaking science opportunities include characterizing and kinematically resolving the ionized gas and stars in dynamically cold galaxies. Such studies will benefit from increased sensitivity both in S/N and line-diagnostics, pushing extragalactic observations in integrated light much closer to where our understanding of Milky Way chemo-dynamics is today.
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