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Paper: DECal: A Spectrophotometric Calibration System for DECam
Volume: 503, Calibrating Large Surveys and Future Facilities
Page: 49
Authors: Marshall, J. L.; Rheault, J.-P.; DePoy, D. L.; Prochaska, T.; Allen, R.; Behm, T. W.; Martin, E. C.; Veal, B.; Villanueva, S.; Jr.; Williams, P.; Wise, J.
Abstract: DECal is a new calibration system for the CTIO 4 m Blanco telescope. It is currently being installed as part of the Dark Energy Survey and will provide both broadband flat fields and narrowband (∼1 nm bandwidth) spectrophotometric calibration for the new Dark Energy Camera (DECam). Both of these systems share a new Lambertian flat field screen. The broadband flat field system uses LEDs to illuminate each photometric filter. The spectrophotometric calibration system consists of a monochromator-based tunable light source that is projected onto the flat field screen using a custom line-to-spot fiber bundle and an engineered diffuser. Several calibrated photodiodes positioned along the beam monitor the telescope throughput as a function of wavelength. This system will measure the wavelength-dependent instrumental response function of the total telescope+instrument system in the range 300 <λ< 1100nm. The spectrophotometric calibration will be performed regularly (roughly once per month) to determine the spectral response of the DECam system and to monitor changes in instrumental throughput during the five year Dark Energy Survey project.
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