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Paper: Large-scale Quantization in Space Plasmas: Summary and Applications
Volume: 484, Outstanding Problems in Heliophysics: From Coronal Heating to the Edge of the Heliosphere
Page: 130
Authors: Livadiotis, G.; McComas, D. J.
Abstract: We identify a large-scale phase-space quantization that characterizes space plasmas. Its value, ħ* ≅ (1.2±0.4) × 10–22 Js, has been derived using four independent methods: (1) Ulysses solar wind measurements, (2) space plasmas that typically reside in stationary states out of thermal equilibrium and spanning a broad range of physical properties, (3) an entropic limit emerging from statistical mechanics, and (4) waiting-time distributions of explosive events in space plasmas. We summarize and provide additional insights on large-scale phase-space quantization, and suggest a number of applications where this new concept can be valuable.
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