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Paper: Evolution of rotating stars at very low metallicity
Volume: 353, Stellar Evolution at Low Metallicity: Mass Loss, Explosions, Cosmology
Page: 49
Authors: Meynet, G.; Hirschi, R.; Ekstroem, S.; Maeder, A.
Abstract: At very low metallicity, the effects of differential rotation have a more important impact on the evolution of stars than at high metallicity. Rotational mixing leads to the production of great quantities of helium and of primary 14N by massive stars. Rotation induces important mass loss and allows stars to locally strongly enrich the interstellar medium in CNO elements. Stars formed from interstellar clouds enriched by the winds of fast rotating massive stars would present surface abundances similar to those of C-rich extremely metal-poor stars. C-rich stars can also be formed by mass accretion in a binary system where the primary would be a fast rotating intermediate mass star in the early-AGB phase. Fast rotation may also lead to the formation of collapsars even at very low metallicity and make the most massive stars avoid the pair instability.
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