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Paper: Requirements for the Analysis of Quiet-Sun Internetwork Magnetic Elements with EST and ATST
Volume: 463, 2nd ATST-EAST Workshop in Solar Physics: Magnetic Fields from the Photosphere to the Corona
Page: 57
Authors: Orozco Suárez, D.; Bellot Rubio, L. R.; Katsukawa, Y.
Abstract: The quiet-Sun internetwork is permeated by weak and highly inclined magnetic fields whose physical properties, dynamics, and magnetic interactions are not fully understood. High spatial resolution magnetograms show them as discrete magnetic elements that appear/emerge and disappear/cancel continuously over the quiet Sun surface. The 4-m European Solar Telescope (EST) and the Advanced Technology Solar Telescope (ATST) will obtain two-dimensional, high cadence, high precision polarimetric measurements at the diffraction limit (30 km). Here, we compile the basic requirements for the observation of internetwork fields with EST and ATST (field of view, cadence, instrument configuration, etc.). More specifically, we concentrate on the field-of-view requirements. To set them we analyze the proper motion of internetwork magnetic elements across the solar surface. We use 13 hours of magnetograms taken with the Hinode satellite to identify and track thousands of internetwork magnetic element in an isolated supergranular cell. We calculate the velocity components of each element and the mean distance they travel. The results show that, on average, magnetic elements in the interior of supergranular cells move toward the network. The radial velocity is observed to depend on the distance to the center of the supergranule. Internetwork magnetic elements travel 4″ on average. These results suggest that ATST and EST should cover, at least, one supergranular cell to obtain a complete picture of the quiet Sun internetwork.
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