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Paper: GASKAP – A Galactic Spectral Line Survey with the Australian Square Kilometer Array Pathfinder
Volume: 438, The Dynamic Interstellar Medium: A Celebration of the Canadian Galactic Plane Survey
Page: 428
Authors: Dickey, J. M.; Gibson, S. J.; Gomez, J. F.; Imai, H.; Jones, P. A.; McClure-Griffiths, N. M.; Stanimirović, S.; van Loon, J. T.
Abstract: One of the Survey Science Projects that the Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder (ASKAP) telescope will do in its first few years of operation is a study of the λ21-cm line of HI and the λ18-cm lines of OH in the Galactic Plane and the Magellanic Clouds and Stream. The wide-field ASKAP can survey a large area with very high sensitivity much faster than a conventional telescope because of its focal plane array of receiver elements. The brightness sensitivity for the widespread spectral line emission of the interstellar medium depends on the beam size and the survey speed. In the GASKAP survey, maps with different resolutions will be synthesized simultaneously; these will be matched to different scientific applications such as diffuse HI and OH emission, OH masers, and HI absorption toward background continuum sources. A great many scientific questions will be answered by the GASKAP survey results; a central topic is the exchange of matter and energy between the Milky Way disk and halo. The survey will show how neutral gas at high altitude (z) above the disk, like the Magellanic Stream, makes its way down through the halo, what changes it experiences along the way, and how much is left behind.
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