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Paper: The Signature of Flares in VIRGO Total Solar Irradiance Measurements
Volume: 428, SOHO-23: Understanding a Peculiar Solar Minimum
Page: 133
Authors: Quesnel, A.; Dennis, B. R.; Fleck, B.; Fröhlich, C.; Hudson, H. S.; Tolbert, A. K.
Abstract: We use Total Solar Irradiance (TSI) measurements from the VIRGO (Variability of solar Irradiance and Gravity Oscillations) instrument on board SOHO to obtain preliminary estimates of the mean total radiative energy emitted by X-class solar flares. The basic tool is that of summed-epoch analysis, which has also enabled us to detect and partially characterize systematic errors present in the basic data. We describe these errors, which significantly degrade the photometry at high frequencies. We find the ratio of GOES 1–8 Å luminosity to total bolometric luminosity to be of order 0.01.
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