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Paper: Zeeman Component Decomposition (ZCD) of Polarized Spectra: Application for the Quiet Sun Internetwork Magnetic Field
Volume: 428, SOHO-23: Understanding a Peculiar Solar Minimum
Page: 113
Authors: Sennhauser, C.; Berdyugina, S. V.
Abstract: Multiline techniques assuming similar line profiles have become a standard tool in stellar astronomy for increasing the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of spectropolarimetric measurements. However, due to the widely-used weak field approximation, their benefits could not so far be used for solar observations, where a large variety of Stokes profiles emerge from local magnetic fields and measuring weak fields in the quiet Sun remains a challenge. The method presented here permits us to analyze many lines, with arbitrary Zeeman splitting, and to simultaneously deploy Stokes IQUV spectra to determine a common line profile with the SNR increased by orders of magnitude. The latter provides a valuable constraint for determining separate field strengths for each contributing absorber. This method represents an extension of our recently developed technique of Nonlinear Deconvolution with Deblending (NDD; Sennhauser et al. 2009), which accounts for the nonlinearity in blended profiles. Equipped with all those abilities, Zeeman Component Decomposition (ZCD) is the perfect tool to further increase the informative value of high-precision polarimetric observations.
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