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Paper: Plasma-Redshift Cosmology: A Review
Volume: 413, 2nd Crisis in Cosmology Conference, CCC-2
Page: 169
Authors: Brynjolfsson, A.
Abstract: The newly discovered and experimentally verified plasma-redshift cross section of photons penetrating hot sparse plasma leads to a new cosmology, which is radically different from the conventional big-bang cosmology. The plasma-redshift cross section is deduced from conventional axioms of physics without any new assumptions. It has been overlooked, because it is insignificant in ordinary laboratory plasmas; but it is important in sparse hot plasmas, such as those in the corona of the Sun, stars, quasars, galaxies, and intergalactic space. The energy that the photons lose in plasma redshift heats the plasma. The deduction of plasma redshift requires that we take into account the dielectric constant more accurately than is usually done. In the Sun, the plasma redshift predicts the observed densities and the temperatures in both the transition zone and in the corona. Plasma redshift predicts the observed intrinsic redshifts of the Sun, stars, quasars, and galaxies, the cosmological redshifts, cosmic microwave background, and cosmic X-ray background. There is no need for: Einstein’s cosmological constant Lambda, Big Bang, Cosmic Inflation, Dark Energy, Dark Matter, Black Holes, and Cosmic Time Dilation. Plasma redshift shows also that contrary to general belief, the gravitational redshift in the Sun is reversed when photons move from the Sun to the Earth. This is a quantum mechanical effect. This means also that the photons are weightless in local system of reference. All the many experiments, which have been assumed to prove photons have weight, are meaningless, because in all cases the researchers disregarded the quantum mechanical uncertainty principle. It is essential to use quantum mechanical concepts for deducing plasma redshift and weightlessness of photons. Plasma redshift cannot be derived using classical physics methods. It would, therefore, not exist in the conventional plasma cosmology. Plasma-redshift cosmology, which besides the plasma redshift cross section includes the newly discovered weightlessness of photons shows that there are no black holes (BHs) or super-massive BHs (SMBHs), because the weightless photons accumulate at the centers of BH candidates (BHCs) and SMBH candidates (SMBHCs) and prevent formation of BHs, as shown in the related poster session paper at this conference.
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