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Paper: Metal-Rich Debris Discs Around White Dwarfs
Volume: 398, Extreme Solar Systems
Page: 149
Authors: Gänsicke, B.T.; Marsh, T.R.; Southworth, J.; Rebassa-Mansergas, A.
Abstract: We have identified two moderately hot (∼18000–22000 K) white dwarfs, SDSS J1228+1040 and SDSS J1043+0855, which exhibit double-peaked emission lines in the CaII λλ 8600 triplet. These line profiles are unambiguous signatures of gaseous discs with outer radii of ∼ 1R orbiting the two white dwarfs. Both stars accrete from the circumstellar material, resulting in large photospheric Mg abundances. The absence of hydrogen emission from the discs, and helium absorption in the white dwarf photospheres demonstrates that the circumstellar material is depleted in volatile elements, and the most likely origin of these gaseous rings are tidally disrupted rocky asteroids. The relatively high mass of SDSS J1228+1040 implies that planetary systems can not only form around 4−5M stars, but may also survive their post main-sequence evolution.
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