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Paper: An Asteroseismological Analysis of the Pulsating B Subdwarf Feige 48 Taking into Account Rotation
Volume: 392, Hot Subdwarf Stars and Related Objects
Page: 317
Authors: Van Grootel, V.; Charpinet, S.; Fontaine, G.; Brassard, P.; Green, E.M.; Chayer, P.
Abstract: We present a new analysis of the short period pulsating sdB star Feige 48 using the same observations as done in our previous work, but exploiting, this time, our new period-matching codes that include the rotation of the star. The pulsation spectrum of Feige 48 shows the signature of rotational splitting with a mean frequency spacing of about 28 μHz between the components of three different frequency multiplets. In addition, Feige 48 has been shown to be a member of a close binary system with an invisible (most likely a white dwarf) companion. Assuming various internal rotation laws, we are now able to fit all nine observed frequencies simultaneously, and not only the four m = 0 components that we identified a priori in our previous effort. For solid body rotation, our optimal model shows slightly different structural parameters than those obtained previously on the basis of purely spherical models. Interestingly, that optimal model is also characterized by a rotation period of 9.028 h, which falls exactly on the value of the orbital period found independently from spectroscopy, namely, 9.024 ± 0.072 h. This very strongly implies that Feige 48 is tidally locked, a suggestion quite consistent with theoretical expectations for such a close binary system. In the same vein, our investigations also demonstrate explicitly that the idea of a fast rotating core can be eliminated for Feige 48.
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