Back to Volume
Paper: The Large Local Hole in the Galaxy Distribution: The 2MASS Galaxy Angular Power Spectrum
Volume: 329, Nearby Large-Scale Structures and the Zone of Avoidance
Page: 49
Authors: Frith, W.J.; Outram, P.J.; Shanks, T.
Abstract: We present new evidence for a large deficiency in the local galaxy distribution situated in the ~4000 deg2 APM survey area. We use models guided by the 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey (2dFGRS) n(z) as a probe of the underlying large-scale structure. We first check the usefulness of this technique by comparing the 2dFGRS n(z) model prediction with the K-band and B-band number counts extracted from the 2MASS and 2dFGRS parent catalogues over the 2dFGRS Northern and Southern declination strips, before turning to a comparison with the APM counts. We find that the APM counts in both the B and K-bands indicate a deficiency in the local galaxy distribution of ~30 percent to z ≈ 0.1 over the entire APM survey area. We examine the implied significance of such a large local hole, considering several possible forms for the real-space correlation function. We find that such a deficiency in the APM survey area indicates an excess of power at large scales over what is expected from the correlation function observed in 2dFGRS correlation function or predicted from ΛCDM Hubble Volume mock catalogues. In order to check further the clustering at large scales in the 2MASS data, we have calculated the angular power spectrum for 2MASS galaxies. Although in the linear regime (l < 30), ΛCDM models can give a good fit to the 2MASS angular power spectrum, over a wider range (l < 100) the power spectrum from Hubble Volume mock catalogues suggests that scale-dependent bias may be needed for ΛCDM to fit. However, the modest increase in large-scale power observed in the 2MASS angular power spectrum is still not enough to explain the local hole. If the APM survey area really is 25 percent deficient in galaxies out to z ≈ 0.1, explanations for the disagreement with observed galaxy clustering statistics include the possibilities that the galaxy clustering is non-Gaussian on large scales or that the 2MASS volume is still too small to represent a 'fair sample' of the Universe. Extending the 2dFGRS redshift survey over the whole APM area would resolve many of the remaining questions about the existence and interpretation of this local hole.
Back to Volume