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Paper: Spin Rates and Magnetic Fields of Millisecond Pulsars
Volume: 328, Binary Radio Pulsars
Page: 299
Authors: Lamb, F.K.; Yu, W.
Abstract: Observations made using the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer have shown that accreting weak-field neutron stars in low-mass X-ray binary systems (LMXBs) produce three distinct types of millisecond X-ray oscillations that can be used to determine the spin rates and estimate the magnetic fields of these stars. These oscillations show that more than two dozen neutron stars in LMXBs have spin rates and magnetic fields in the range that will make them radio-emitting millisecond pulsars when accretion ceases, supporting the hypothesis that neutron stars in LMXBs are the progenitors of the rotation-powered millisecond pulsars. The spins of the 16 known accreting millisecond pulsars in LMXBs are consistent with spin-up to accretion spin equilibrium for magnetic fields ranging from 3 × 107 G to 3 × 108 G and time-averaged accretion rates ranging from 3 × 10−3 dME/dt to dME/dt, provided these stars have been accreting long enough. The P−dP/dt distribution of rotation-powered millisecond pulsars indicates that their initial spins are set by spin-up to spin equilibrium at accretion rates ranging from 10−3 dME/dt to dME/dt or that they never reached accretion spin equilibrium.
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